Transportation and portable applications already use hydrogen as fuel, but it is essential to use highly-efficient hydrogen storage methods to increase its usage in the future. The compressed form is the most utilized for transportation applications, but mechanical compressors have low efficiency when compressing low quantities of gas to high pressure. The most suitable device for hydrogen compression is the Electrochemical Hydrogen Compressor (EHC). It has the same structure as a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEM-FC), but it works at very high-pressure (700 (Formula presented.)). The present work analyses the monopolar plate of an Electrochemical Hydrogen Compressor prone to hydrogen embrittlement. Irregular shape variations generate peaks of stress magnitude and triaxiality, further contributing to decreasing metal ductility at the local scale. The calculation of the stress field in such components is essential due to the possibility of failure due to the material embrittlement caused by hydrogen. The paper presents a conceptual design of an EHC operating at 700 (Formula presented.) and focuses on the shape and the mechanical stress of the end-plates to have conservative levels of the nominal stress states, which then are taken as the design parameter for providing adequate structural integrity and mechanical reliability to the component. The FEM analysis with Marc software—of MSC Software Corporation—identified the optimal end-plates configuration in circular plan view and active area. The plate, sized to have a deflection no greater than (Formula presented.) (Formula presented.) (Formula presented.) when the EHC works at 700 (Formula presented.), should have the minimum thickness of 17 (Formula presented.) (Formula presented.).

Structural Analysis of Electrochemical Hydrogen Compressor End-Plates for High-Pressure Applications

Caponetto R.;Privitera E.;Mirone G.;Matera F.
2022

Abstract

Transportation and portable applications already use hydrogen as fuel, but it is essential to use highly-efficient hydrogen storage methods to increase its usage in the future. The compressed form is the most utilized for transportation applications, but mechanical compressors have low efficiency when compressing low quantities of gas to high pressure. The most suitable device for hydrogen compression is the Electrochemical Hydrogen Compressor (EHC). It has the same structure as a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEM-FC), but it works at very high-pressure (700 (Formula presented.)). The present work analyses the monopolar plate of an Electrochemical Hydrogen Compressor prone to hydrogen embrittlement. Irregular shape variations generate peaks of stress magnitude and triaxiality, further contributing to decreasing metal ductility at the local scale. The calculation of the stress field in such components is essential due to the possibility of failure due to the material embrittlement caused by hydrogen. The paper presents a conceptual design of an EHC operating at 700 (Formula presented.) and focuses on the shape and the mechanical stress of the end-plates to have conservative levels of the nominal stress states, which then are taken as the design parameter for providing adequate structural integrity and mechanical reliability to the component. The FEM analysis with Marc software—of MSC Software Corporation—identified the optimal end-plates configuration in circular plan view and active area. The plate, sized to have a deflection no greater than (Formula presented.) (Formula presented.) (Formula presented.) when the EHC works at 700 (Formula presented.), should have the minimum thickness of 17 (Formula presented.) (Formula presented.).
700 bar
Electrochemical Hydrogen Compressor
end-plate
fuel cell
high pressure
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/541366
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