Point mutations of the transthyretin (TTR) gene are related with hereditary amyloidosis (hATTR). The number of people affected by this rare disease is only partially estimated. The real impact of somatic mosaicism and other genetic factors on expressivity, complexity, progression, and transmission of the disease should be better investigated. The relevance of this rare disease is increasing and many efforts have been made to improve the time to diagnosis and to estimate the real number of cases in endemic and non-endemic areas. In this context, somatic mosaicism should be better investigated to explain the complexity of the heterogeneity of the hATTR clinical features, to better estimate the number of new cases, and to focus on early and personalized gene therapy. Gene therapy can potentially improve the living conditions of affected individuals and is one of the central goals in research on amyloidosis related to the TTR gene, with the advantage of overcoming liver transplantation as the sole treatment for hATTR disease.

Hereditary Transthyretin-Related Amyloidosis: Genetic Heterogeneity and Early Personalized Gene Therapy

Dugo, Ketty
Primo
;
Bruno, Francesca;Sturiale, Valentina;Brancato, Desiree;Saccone, Salvatore
Penultimo
;
Federico, Concetta
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Point mutations of the transthyretin (TTR) gene are related with hereditary amyloidosis (hATTR). The number of people affected by this rare disease is only partially estimated. The real impact of somatic mosaicism and other genetic factors on expressivity, complexity, progression, and transmission of the disease should be better investigated. The relevance of this rare disease is increasing and many efforts have been made to improve the time to diagnosis and to estimate the real number of cases in endemic and non-endemic areas. In this context, somatic mosaicism should be better investigated to explain the complexity of the heterogeneity of the hATTR clinical features, to better estimate the number of new cases, and to focus on early and personalized gene therapy. Gene therapy can potentially improve the living conditions of affected individuals and is one of the central goals in research on amyloidosis related to the TTR gene, with the advantage of overcoming liver transplantation as the sole treatment for hATTR disease.
Sicilian TTR mutation
TTR gene
amyloidosis
dominant genetic disease
familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy
gene therapy
missense mutation
somatic mosaicism
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/541421
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