Phthalate esters for decades, and probably even now, were used as softeners in water-based paintings. In general,these compounds are dangerous owing to their carcinogenicity and reproductive effects. Phthalates are notchemically but only physically bound to the matrices, hence, they may be leached into the environment andare ubiquitously found in environmental matrices. Considering that, construction is one of most importantfieldsin Europe, and probably worldwide, with respect to its economic, technological and environmental impact.In the present work the phthalate esters content of several mural paintings was evaluated by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Because, this issue is especially important to ensure proper security measurementsduring processes that could involve particulate inhalation, the total concentrations of 15 compounds in the analyzedmural paintings, ranged from 0.8 to 236 mg/Kg d.w. with anaverage of 39.4 mg/Kg d.w. The highest concentrationwas found in a mural painting sampled in an apartment built about 50 years ago, though, building age was notsignificantly correlated with the levels of total and single PAEs. Among the monitored phthalates, only four(bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, diisobutyl phthalate, Di-n-butyl phthalate and diethyl phthalate) were detected inappreciable quantities. Benzyl butyl phthalate was relevant only for one sample and, at trace levels, only for twosamples. In all tested mural paintings, except two samples, predominates the bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP)(from 30 to 100% of total). In general, occasionally, dinonyl phthalate (DNP) was used as an alternative to DEHP,however, in our case, its occurrence was not found. Diisobutyl phthalate (DiBP) was detected in seven samplesand ranged from 0.17 to 13.2 mg/Kg d.w.

Determination of selected phthalates by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry in mural paintings from Palermo (Italy)

BARRECA, Salvatore
2013

Abstract

Phthalate esters for decades, and probably even now, were used as softeners in water-based paintings. In general,these compounds are dangerous owing to their carcinogenicity and reproductive effects. Phthalates are notchemically but only physically bound to the matrices, hence, they may be leached into the environment andare ubiquitously found in environmental matrices. Considering that, construction is one of most importantfieldsin Europe, and probably worldwide, with respect to its economic, technological and environmental impact.In the present work the phthalate esters content of several mural paintings was evaluated by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Because, this issue is especially important to ensure proper security measurementsduring processes that could involve particulate inhalation, the total concentrations of 15 compounds in the analyzedmural paintings, ranged from 0.8 to 236 mg/Kg d.w. with anaverage of 39.4 mg/Kg d.w. The highest concentrationwas found in a mural painting sampled in an apartment built about 50 years ago, though, building age was notsignificantly correlated with the levels of total and single PAEs. Among the monitored phthalates, only four(bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, diisobutyl phthalate, Di-n-butyl phthalate and diethyl phthalate) were detected inappreciable quantities. Benzyl butyl phthalate was relevant only for one sample and, at trace levels, only for twosamples. In all tested mural paintings, except two samples, predominates the bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP)(from 30 to 100% of total). In general, occasionally, dinonyl phthalate (DNP) was used as an alternative to DEHP,however, in our case, its occurrence was not found. Diisobutyl phthalate (DiBP) was detected in seven samplesand ranged from 0.17 to 13.2 mg/Kg d.w.
Mural paintings
Phthalates
GC-MS
Restore
Construction
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/541515
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