Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) significantly contributes to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis. We aimed to evaluate the canonical (CD74/CD44) and non-canonical MIF receptors (CXCR2,4 and 7) expression and sCD74 to establish their association with RA clinical activity according to DAS28-ESR. Methodology: 101 RA patients with different clinical activities (remission (n = 27), low (n = 16), moderate (n = 35) and high (n = 23)) and 9 control subjects (CS) were included. Expression was evaluated by flow cytometry and levels of soluble CD74 (sCD74) by ELISA. Data analysis was performed with FlowJov10.0, STATAv12.0, and GraphPad Prism v7.0. Results: According to disease activity, CXCR7 expression (percentage of expression and mean fluorescence intensity (MFI)) was higher in granulocytes from patients in remission, while the expression of CXCR4 was higher in patients with high disease activity (p < 0.05). The expression of CD74 was higher in B cells (p < 0.05) and monocytes (p < 0.01) from patients in remission. Regarding sCD74 levels these were higher in patients with high disease activity when compared to those in remission (p <0.05). Conclusions: The results support the need for further study of the role of sCD74 as a soluble MIF decoy receptor, sequestering it to negatively regulate MIF signaling though its membrane receptors. The expression patterns of CXCR4 and CXCR7 show that the latter is a scavenger-type receptor that prevents endocytosis and even degradation of CXCR4 under inflammatory conditions.

Canonical (CD74/CD44) and Non-Canonical (CXCR2, 4 and 7) MIF Receptors Are Differentially Expressed in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients Evaluated by DAS28-ESR

Nicoletti, Ferdinando;
2021

Abstract

Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) significantly contributes to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis. We aimed to evaluate the canonical (CD74/CD44) and non-canonical MIF receptors (CXCR2,4 and 7) expression and sCD74 to establish their association with RA clinical activity according to DAS28-ESR. Methodology: 101 RA patients with different clinical activities (remission (n = 27), low (n = 16), moderate (n = 35) and high (n = 23)) and 9 control subjects (CS) were included. Expression was evaluated by flow cytometry and levels of soluble CD74 (sCD74) by ELISA. Data analysis was performed with FlowJov10.0, STATAv12.0, and GraphPad Prism v7.0. Results: According to disease activity, CXCR7 expression (percentage of expression and mean fluorescence intensity (MFI)) was higher in granulocytes from patients in remission, while the expression of CXCR4 was higher in patients with high disease activity (p < 0.05). The expression of CD74 was higher in B cells (p < 0.05) and monocytes (p < 0.01) from patients in remission. Regarding sCD74 levels these were higher in patients with high disease activity when compared to those in remission (p <0.05). Conclusions: The results support the need for further study of the role of sCD74 as a soluble MIF decoy receptor, sequestering it to negatively regulate MIF signaling though its membrane receptors. The expression patterns of CXCR4 and CXCR7 show that the latter is a scavenger-type receptor that prevents endocytosis and even degradation of CXCR4 under inflammatory conditions.
DAS28
MIF
flow cytometry
inflammation
rheumatoid arthritis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/541648
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