Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is the recommended treatment after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The introduction into clinical practice of new drug-eluting stents (DESs) with significantly improved safety profiles has made it possible to shorten the DAPT. Randomized studies have established the superiority of DES over bare metal stents in high-bleeding risk (HBR) patients treated with antiplatelet monotherapy after 1 month of DAPT from PCI. This regimen has been adopted in randomized trials comparing different DES in patients with HBR. Furthermore, antiplatelet monotherapy after 1 month of DAPT from PCI has been shown to reduce bleeding risk without increasing ischaemic events compared with a conventional DAPT regimen (3-12 months) in a recent randomized study that included HBR patients treated with DES. Parallel to the trend of shortening DAPT, there is growing debate about which antiplatelet monotherapy is optimal after discontinuation of DAPT, with some recent studies exploring the paradigm shift from aspirin monotherapy to P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy. Finally, future studies are underway to evaluate the clinical effect of monotherapy with ticagrelor or prasugrel directly after implantation of DES thus eliminating DAPT.

The stent in the high-bleeding risk patient: antiplatelet monotherapy?

Capranzano, Piera
2022

Abstract

Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is the recommended treatment after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The introduction into clinical practice of new drug-eluting stents (DESs) with significantly improved safety profiles has made it possible to shorten the DAPT. Randomized studies have established the superiority of DES over bare metal stents in high-bleeding risk (HBR) patients treated with antiplatelet monotherapy after 1 month of DAPT from PCI. This regimen has been adopted in randomized trials comparing different DES in patients with HBR. Furthermore, antiplatelet monotherapy after 1 month of DAPT from PCI has been shown to reduce bleeding risk without increasing ischaemic events compared with a conventional DAPT regimen (3-12 months) in a recent randomized study that included HBR patients treated with DES. Parallel to the trend of shortening DAPT, there is growing debate about which antiplatelet monotherapy is optimal after discontinuation of DAPT, with some recent studies exploring the paradigm shift from aspirin monotherapy to P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy. Finally, future studies are underway to evaluate the clinical effect of monotherapy with ticagrelor or prasugrel directly after implantation of DES thus eliminating DAPT.
Bleeding risk
DAPT
Percutaneous coronary intervention
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/541679
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