The dopamine D3 receptor (D3R) plays a prominent role in the modulation of cognition in healthy individuals, as well as in the pathophysiological mechanism underlying the cognitive deficits affecting patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders. At a therapeutic level, a growing body of evidence suggests that the D3R blockade enhances cognitive and thus it may be an optimal therapeutic strategy against cognitive dysfunctions. However, this is not always the case because other ligands targeting the D3R, and behaving as partial agonists or biased agonists, may exert their pro-cognitive effect by maintaining adequate level of dopamine in key brain areas tuning cognitive performances. In this chapter, we review and discuss preclinical and clinical findings with the aim to remark the crucial role of the D3R in cognition and to strengthen the message that drugs targeting D3R may be excellent cognitive enhancers for the treatment of several neuropsychiatric and neurological disorders.

Dopamine D3 Receptor, Cognition and Cognitive Dysfunctions in Neuropsychiatric Disorders: From the Bench to the Bedside

Torrisi, Sebastiano Alfio;Geraci, Federica;Contarini, Gabriella;Salomone, Salomone
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Drago, Filippo;Leggio, Gian Marco
2022

Abstract

The dopamine D3 receptor (D3R) plays a prominent role in the modulation of cognition in healthy individuals, as well as in the pathophysiological mechanism underlying the cognitive deficits affecting patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders. At a therapeutic level, a growing body of evidence suggests that the D3R blockade enhances cognitive and thus it may be an optimal therapeutic strategy against cognitive dysfunctions. However, this is not always the case because other ligands targeting the D3R, and behaving as partial agonists or biased agonists, may exert their pro-cognitive effect by maintaining adequate level of dopamine in key brain areas tuning cognitive performances. In this chapter, we review and discuss preclinical and clinical findings with the aim to remark the crucial role of the D3R in cognition and to strengthen the message that drugs targeting D3R may be excellent cognitive enhancers for the treatment of several neuropsychiatric and neurological disorders.
Cognition
Dopamine 3 receptor
Dopamine 3 receptor antagonists
Pro-cognitive effects
Psychiatric disorders
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/541800
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