A minority of mixed fibro-epithelial lesions of the breast lacks both fibroadenoma and phyllodes architectural patterns and have been previously labeled with different terms, including "hamartomas", "myoid/muscular hamartomas", "benign fibroadenomatous lesions" or "stromo-epithelial lesions of the breast". This study emphasizes the clinico-pathologic features of 5 cases of mammary benign fibro(stromo)-epithelial lesions sharing as a common morphologic theme the presence of minimally infiltrative margins due to the overgrowth of the stromal component into the surrounding fibro-fatty tissue. Notably the radiological features were suspicious for malignancy in 3 out of 5 cases. The following histologic features were seen in all cases: i) an epithelial component of benign glandular structures exhibiting the morphological spectrum of fibro-cystic disease; ii) a stromal component of bland-looking spindle cell myofibroblasts (vimentin + and α-smooth muscle actin +) set in a variably fibro-myxoid stroma. The present paper contributes to widen the morphological spectrum of the benign fibro-epithelial lesions of the breast, emphasizing the possibility that some cases, exhibiting a predominant myofibroblastic stromal component and minimally infiltrative margins, may be confused with other primary spindle cell mimickers of the breast. Accordingly, we propose the descriptive term "benign myofibroblastic/epithelial lesions of the breast with minimally infiltrative margins" for these previously underrecognized lesions.

Benign myofibroblastic/epithelial lesions of the breast with minimally infiltrative margins.

Giada Maria Vecchio;Giuseppe Angelico;Giuseppe Broggi;Lucia Salvatorelli;Gaetano Magro
2021

Abstract

A minority of mixed fibro-epithelial lesions of the breast lacks both fibroadenoma and phyllodes architectural patterns and have been previously labeled with different terms, including "hamartomas", "myoid/muscular hamartomas", "benign fibroadenomatous lesions" or "stromo-epithelial lesions of the breast". This study emphasizes the clinico-pathologic features of 5 cases of mammary benign fibro(stromo)-epithelial lesions sharing as a common morphologic theme the presence of minimally infiltrative margins due to the overgrowth of the stromal component into the surrounding fibro-fatty tissue. Notably the radiological features were suspicious for malignancy in 3 out of 5 cases. The following histologic features were seen in all cases: i) an epithelial component of benign glandular structures exhibiting the morphological spectrum of fibro-cystic disease; ii) a stromal component of bland-looking spindle cell myofibroblasts (vimentin + and α-smooth muscle actin +) set in a variably fibro-myxoid stroma. The present paper contributes to widen the morphological spectrum of the benign fibro-epithelial lesions of the breast, emphasizing the possibility that some cases, exhibiting a predominant myofibroblastic stromal component and minimally infiltrative margins, may be confused with other primary spindle cell mimickers of the breast. Accordingly, we propose the descriptive term "benign myofibroblastic/epithelial lesions of the breast with minimally infiltrative margins" for these previously underrecognized lesions.
Breast; Fibro-epithelial lesions; Infiltrative margins; Myofibroblasts; Stromo-epithelial lesions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/541901
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