We report on the first measurement of the beta(+) and orbital electron-capture decay rates of (140)Pr nuclei with the simplest electron configurations: bare nuclei, hydrogenlike, and heliumlike ions. The measured electron-capture decay constant of hydrogenlike (140)Pr(58+) ions is about 50% larger than that of heliumlike (140)Pr(57+) ions. Moreover, (140)Pr ions with one bound electron decay faster than neutral (140)Pr(0+) atoms with 59 electrons. To explain this peculiar observation one has to take into account the conservation of the total angular momentum, since only particular spin orientations of the nucleus and of the captured electron can contribute to the allowed decay.
|Titolo:||Measurement of the beta(+) and orbital electron-capture decay rates in fully ionized, hydrogenlike, and heliumlike (140)Pr ions|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|