The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of superb microvascular imaging (SMI) versus contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and compared to computed tomography angiography (CTA) as a reference standard, for detection of type II endoleak during follow-up of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). Between April 2017 and September 2020, 122 patients underwent post-EVAR follow-up with CTA at 3 months and with ultrasound SMI and CEUS at 4 months from the EVAR procedure. Aneurysmal sac diameter and graft patency were evaluated; endoleaks were assessed and classified. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and diagnostic accuracy were calculated both for SMI and CEUS and compared to CTA. Furthermore, the percentage of agreement and Cohen's Kappa coefficient were calculated. CTA revealed 54 type II endoleaks. Ultrasound SMI and CEUS presented the same sensitivity (91.5%), specificity (100%), positive (100%), and negative (92.8%) predictive and accuracy (95.9%) value for detecting type II endoleak. The same percentage of agreement of 94.9% was found between SMI/CEUS, and CTA with a Cohen's Kappa coefficient of 0.89. The diagnostic accuracy of SMI is comparable with CEUS in the identification of type II endoleaks after EVAR. Since SMI is less invasive, less expensive, and less time-consuming, this method may be considered to be a potential tool for monitoring patients after EVAR implantation.

EVAR Follow-Up with Ultrasound Superb Microvascular Imaging (SMI) Compared to CEUS and CT Angiography for Detection of Type II Endoleak

Basile, Antonio;
2022

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of superb microvascular imaging (SMI) versus contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and compared to computed tomography angiography (CTA) as a reference standard, for detection of type II endoleak during follow-up of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). Between April 2017 and September 2020, 122 patients underwent post-EVAR follow-up with CTA at 3 months and with ultrasound SMI and CEUS at 4 months from the EVAR procedure. Aneurysmal sac diameter and graft patency were evaluated; endoleaks were assessed and classified. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and diagnostic accuracy were calculated both for SMI and CEUS and compared to CTA. Furthermore, the percentage of agreement and Cohen's Kappa coefficient were calculated. CTA revealed 54 type II endoleaks. Ultrasound SMI and CEUS presented the same sensitivity (91.5%), specificity (100%), positive (100%), and negative (92.8%) predictive and accuracy (95.9%) value for detecting type II endoleak. The same percentage of agreement of 94.9% was found between SMI/CEUS, and CTA with a Cohen's Kappa coefficient of 0.89. The diagnostic accuracy of SMI is comparable with CEUS in the identification of type II endoleaks after EVAR. Since SMI is less invasive, less expensive, and less time-consuming, this method may be considered to be a potential tool for monitoring patients after EVAR implantation.
abdominal aortic aneurysm
endoleak
endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair
superb microvascular imaging
ultrasound
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/542162
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