Duodenal varices are ectopic varices that can cause severe and life-threatening gastrointestinal bleeding. Diagnosis and treatment of ectopic varices is challenging, because endoscopy is often unproductive in detecting and treating ectopic varices. Interventional radiology appears as an alternative in this setting, thanks to its important role in treating the bleeding caused by ectopic varices and in preventing rebleedings. We present an interesting case of bleeding ectopic varices in a male 62-years-old cirrhotic patient (Child-Pugh B8). The patient presented with hemorrhagic shock caused by massive melena. CT angiography showed intraluminal blood and identified the source of bleeding as an ectopic varicose vein draining into the superior mesenteric vein. Interventional radiology approach was the only applicable one to reach and effectively treat the source and cause of bleeding by TIPS placement and embolization of the collateral feeding at the same session.

Bleeding duodenal varices urgently treated with TIPS and coil embolization in a patient with cirrhosis: A rare case

Palermo, Monica;Santonocito, Serafino;Vacirca, Francesco;Palmucci, Stefano;Basile, Antonio
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Duodenal varices are ectopic varices that can cause severe and life-threatening gastrointestinal bleeding. Diagnosis and treatment of ectopic varices is challenging, because endoscopy is often unproductive in detecting and treating ectopic varices. Interventional radiology appears as an alternative in this setting, thanks to its important role in treating the bleeding caused by ectopic varices and in preventing rebleedings. We present an interesting case of bleeding ectopic varices in a male 62-years-old cirrhotic patient (Child-Pugh B8). The patient presented with hemorrhagic shock caused by massive melena. CT angiography showed intraluminal blood and identified the source of bleeding as an ectopic varicose vein draining into the superior mesenteric vein. Interventional radiology approach was the only applicable one to reach and effectively treat the source and cause of bleeding by TIPS placement and embolization of the collateral feeding at the same session.
Coil embolization
Ectopic varices
Endovascular treatment
Gastrointestinal bleeding
Interventional radiology
TIPS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/542186
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