A fistula that connects the bowel to other organs, such as the urinary bladder or small intestine, is a relatively frequent complication, often associated with inflammatory diseases such as diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, colorectal cancer, or lymphoma. Splenocolic fistula is an extremely rare condition described in the literature. It can occur in cases of splenic tumors, including splenic diffuse large B cell lymphoma. We report the case of an 82-year-old man who presented with melaena, worsening asthenia, hypotension, and abdominal pain in the left flank and the ipsilateral lumbar region. Ultrasound and computed tomography documented splenomegaly, thickening of the splenic flexure of the colon, and the presence of a fistulous passage between the colon and the splenic hilum. The diagnosis of lymphoma was made following laparotomy and caudal splenopancreatectomy. Due to the aggressive clinical behavior of this type of lymphoma, splenectomy is the main treatment in patients with splenomegaly, abdominal pain, and tumor expansion.

Splenocolic fistula in a patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: A case report and review of literature

Luca T.
;
Leone E.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

A fistula that connects the bowel to other organs, such as the urinary bladder or small intestine, is a relatively frequent complication, often associated with inflammatory diseases such as diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, colorectal cancer, or lymphoma. Splenocolic fistula is an extremely rare condition described in the literature. It can occur in cases of splenic tumors, including splenic diffuse large B cell lymphoma. We report the case of an 82-year-old man who presented with melaena, worsening asthenia, hypotension, and abdominal pain in the left flank and the ipsilateral lumbar region. Ultrasound and computed tomography documented splenomegaly, thickening of the splenic flexure of the colon, and the presence of a fistulous passage between the colon and the splenic hilum. The diagnosis of lymphoma was made following laparotomy and caudal splenopancreatectomy. Due to the aggressive clinical behavior of this type of lymphoma, splenectomy is the main treatment in patients with splenomegaly, abdominal pain, and tumor expansion.
atypical presentation
diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
fistula
lymphoma diagnosis
splenomegaly
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/542385
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