The involvement of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) pathogenesis and progression has been ascertained but their cross-talk within GBM cells remains elusive. We previously demonstrated the role of circSMARCA5 as a tumor suppressor (TS) in GBM. In this paper, we explore the involvement of circSMARCA5 in the control of microRNA (miRNA) expression in GBM. By using TaqMan® low-density arrays, the expression of 748 miRNAs was assayed in U87MG overexpressing circSMARCA5. Differentially expressed (DE) miRNAs were validated through single TaqMan® assays in: (i) U87MG overexpressing circSMARCA5; (ii) four additional GBM cell lines (A172; CAS-1; SNB-19; U251MG); (iii) thirty-eight GBM biopsies; (iv) twenty biopsies of unaffected brain parenchyma (UC). Validated targets of DE miRNAs were selected from the databases TarBase and miRTarbase, and the literature; their expression was inferred from the GBM TCGA dataset. Expression was assayed in U87MG overexpressing circSMARCA5, GBM cell lines, and biopsies through real-time PCR. TS miRNAs 126-3p and 515-5p were upregulated following circSMARCA5 overexpression in U87MG and their expression was positively correlated with that of circSMARCA5 (r-values = 0.49 and 0.50, p-values = 9 × 10-5 and 7 × 10-5, respectively) in GBM biopsies. Among targets, IGFBP2 (target of miR-126-3p) and NRAS (target of miR-515-5p) mRNAs were positively correlated (r-value = 0.46, p-value = 0.00027), while their expression was negatively correlated with that of circSMARCA5 (r-values = -0.58 and -0.30, p-values = 0 and 0.019, respectively), miR-126-3p (r-value = -0.36, p-value = 0.0066), and miR-515-5p (r-value = -0.34, p-value = 0.010), respectively. Our data identified a new GBM subnetwork controlled by circSMARCA5, which regulates downstream miRNAs 126-3p and 515-5p, and their mRNA targets IGFBP2 and NRAS.

circSMARCA5 Is an Upstream Regulator of the Expression of miR-126-3p, miR-515-5p, and Their mRNA Targets, Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2 (IGFBP2) and NRAS Proto-Oncogene, GTPase (NRAS) in Glioblastoma

Merulla, Aurora Eliana;Battaglia, Rosalia;Caponnetto, Angela;Broggi, Giuseppe;Altieri, Roberto;Certo, Francesco;Caltabiano, Rosario;Ragusa, Marco;Barbagallo, Giuseppe;Di Pietro, Cinzia;Purrello, Michele;Barbagallo, Davide
2022-01-01

Abstract

The involvement of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) pathogenesis and progression has been ascertained but their cross-talk within GBM cells remains elusive. We previously demonstrated the role of circSMARCA5 as a tumor suppressor (TS) in GBM. In this paper, we explore the involvement of circSMARCA5 in the control of microRNA (miRNA) expression in GBM. By using TaqMan® low-density arrays, the expression of 748 miRNAs was assayed in U87MG overexpressing circSMARCA5. Differentially expressed (DE) miRNAs were validated through single TaqMan® assays in: (i) U87MG overexpressing circSMARCA5; (ii) four additional GBM cell lines (A172; CAS-1; SNB-19; U251MG); (iii) thirty-eight GBM biopsies; (iv) twenty biopsies of unaffected brain parenchyma (UC). Validated targets of DE miRNAs were selected from the databases TarBase and miRTarbase, and the literature; their expression was inferred from the GBM TCGA dataset. Expression was assayed in U87MG overexpressing circSMARCA5, GBM cell lines, and biopsies through real-time PCR. TS miRNAs 126-3p and 515-5p were upregulated following circSMARCA5 overexpression in U87MG and their expression was positively correlated with that of circSMARCA5 (r-values = 0.49 and 0.50, p-values = 9 × 10-5 and 7 × 10-5, respectively) in GBM biopsies. Among targets, IGFBP2 (target of miR-126-3p) and NRAS (target of miR-515-5p) mRNAs were positively correlated (r-value = 0.46, p-value = 0.00027), while their expression was negatively correlated with that of circSMARCA5 (r-values = -0.58 and -0.30, p-values = 0 and 0.019, respectively), miR-126-3p (r-value = -0.36, p-value = 0.0066), and miR-515-5p (r-value = -0.34, p-value = 0.010), respectively. Our data identified a new GBM subnetwork controlled by circSMARCA5, which regulates downstream miRNAs 126-3p and 515-5p, and their mRNA targets IGFBP2 and NRAS.
RNA binding protein
circSMARCA5
circular RNA
epigenetics
microRNA processing
microRNA target
microRNAome
tumor suppressor
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/542726
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