Antithrombotic therapy represents the mainstay of treatment in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), including elderly patients who are at increased risk for ischemic recurrences. However, the elderly population is also more vulnerable to bleeding complications. Numerous mechanisms, including abnormalities in the vasculature, thrombogenicity, comorbidities, and altered drug response, contribute to both increased thrombotic and bleeding risk. Age-related organ changes and drug-drug interactions secondary to polypharmacy lead to distinct pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles of antithrombotic drugs. Overall these factors contribute to the risk-benefit profiles of antithrombotic therapies in elderly subjects and underscore the need for treatment regimens that can reduce bleeding while preserving efficacy. Given that the prevalence of CAD, as well as concomitant diseases with thromboembolic potential, such as atrial fibrillation, increases with age and that the elderly population is in continuous growth, understanding the safety and efficacy of different antithrombotic regimens is pivotal for patient-centered care. In the present overview the authors appraise the available data on the use of antithrombotic therapy in older patients with CAD to assist with the management of this high-risk population and define knowledge gaps that can set the basis for future research. (J Am Coll Cardiol Intv 2021;14:723?38) ? 2021 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.

Antithrombotic Management of Elderly Patients With Coronary Artery Disease

Capranzano, Piera
Primo
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Antithrombotic therapy represents the mainstay of treatment in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), including elderly patients who are at increased risk for ischemic recurrences. However, the elderly population is also more vulnerable to bleeding complications. Numerous mechanisms, including abnormalities in the vasculature, thrombogenicity, comorbidities, and altered drug response, contribute to both increased thrombotic and bleeding risk. Age-related organ changes and drug-drug interactions secondary to polypharmacy lead to distinct pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles of antithrombotic drugs. Overall these factors contribute to the risk-benefit profiles of antithrombotic therapies in elderly subjects and underscore the need for treatment regimens that can reduce bleeding while preserving efficacy. Given that the prevalence of CAD, as well as concomitant diseases with thromboembolic potential, such as atrial fibrillation, increases with age and that the elderly population is in continuous growth, understanding the safety and efficacy of different antithrombotic regimens is pivotal for patient-centered care. In the present overview the authors appraise the available data on the use of antithrombotic therapy in older patients with CAD to assist with the management of this high-risk population and define knowledge gaps that can set the basis for future research. (J Am Coll Cardiol Intv 2021;14:723?38) ? 2021 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.
P2Y(12) inhibitor monotherapy
bleeding
clopidogrel
de-escalation
elderly
oral anticoagulation
prasugrel
ticagrelor
Aged
Fibrinolytic Agents
Hemorrhage
Humans
Treatment Outcome
Atrial Fibrillation
Coronary Artery Disease
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/542761
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