The aim of this study is to evaluate through computed tomography differences in cortical plate thickness of condyle in patients with a different facial vertical skeletal pattern. The final sample of this retrospective study included CBCT exams of 60 adult subjects (mean age 33.2 +/- 5.6), selected from the digital archive of a private practice. The subjects were assigned to 3 different groups according to the values of the Frankfurt-mandibular plane angle: hyper-, normo-, and hypodivergent groups. The volume rendering of the mandible was obtained and three condylar points were marked on it: median pole, lateral pole and the most cranial point. For each considered reference point, the minimum distance between external and internal cortical surface was measured, obtaining three different outcomes: condylar cortical bone thickness of median pole (CCBToMP), lateral pole (CCBToLP) and cranial pole (CCBToCP). The measurements were executed by means of Mimics software by the same expert operator in specific scan views. The cortical bone thickness of hyperdivergent patients was found to be statistically thicker than normodivergent patients and hypodivergent patients. Cortical bone thickness of normodivergent patients was found thicker than hypodivergent patients. All the differences were statistically significant (p < 0.05). The Pearson correlation coefficient showed a statistically significant correlation (p < 0.001) between the Frankfurt-mandibular plane angle and the evaluated cortical bone thickness outcomes. Facial biotype characteristics that define vertical facial skeletal pattern affect the cortical bone thickness of mandibular condyle.

Evaluation of condylar cortical bone thickness in patient groups with different vertical facial dimensions using cone-beam computed tomography

Lo Giudice A
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
2020-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate through computed tomography differences in cortical plate thickness of condyle in patients with a different facial vertical skeletal pattern. The final sample of this retrospective study included CBCT exams of 60 adult subjects (mean age 33.2 +/- 5.6), selected from the digital archive of a private practice. The subjects were assigned to 3 different groups according to the values of the Frankfurt-mandibular plane angle: hyper-, normo-, and hypodivergent groups. The volume rendering of the mandible was obtained and three condylar points were marked on it: median pole, lateral pole and the most cranial point. For each considered reference point, the minimum distance between external and internal cortical surface was measured, obtaining three different outcomes: condylar cortical bone thickness of median pole (CCBToMP), lateral pole (CCBToLP) and cranial pole (CCBToCP). The measurements were executed by means of Mimics software by the same expert operator in specific scan views. The cortical bone thickness of hyperdivergent patients was found to be statistically thicker than normodivergent patients and hypodivergent patients. Cortical bone thickness of normodivergent patients was found thicker than hypodivergent patients. All the differences were statistically significant (p < 0.05). The Pearson correlation coefficient showed a statistically significant correlation (p < 0.001) between the Frankfurt-mandibular plane angle and the evaluated cortical bone thickness outcomes. Facial biotype characteristics that define vertical facial skeletal pattern affect the cortical bone thickness of mandibular condyle.
ATM
Condylar cortical bone
Cone-beam computer tomography
Facial skeletal growth
Mandibular morphology
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/543282
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