Simple Summary Primary sarcomas of the parotid gland are rare malignancies of mesenchymal origin for which there is no generally well-defined treatment guideline. The aim of this study was to analyze, through the review of the literature, the factors affecting the prognosis of patients with primary sarcoma of the parotid gland. Size/extension at the diagnosis and the sarcoma's histotype were the most important prognostic factors. Multivariate analysis showed that surgery performed on the tumor was the only parameter affecting long-term survival. In particular, total parotidectomy with preservation or, in the most advanced cases, with the sacrifice of facial nerve should be performed at any age independently of tumor histology. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature of sarcoma of the parotid gland in order to analyze the main factors affecting survival rate. A systematic literature review was performed between January 1990 to November 2021, and 88 patients affected by parotid gland sarcomas were included. The most common histological types were Rhabdomyosarcoma and Synovial Sarcoma. From our review, it emerges that primary sarcomas of the parotid glands are locally aggressive but show low tendency to metastasize to the lymph nodes of the neck and that surgery (i.e., total or radical parotidectomy) is the main approach for their treatment. The global overall survival (OS) is 52% at 5 years and 34.1% at 10 years. The OS for T1, T2, T3, T4 tumor at 5 years of follow up is 80.0%, 66.5%, 56.7% and 33.3%, respectively. Size/extension at the diagnosis and the sarcoma's histotype are the most important prognostic factors. Multivariate analysis showed that surgery (total or radical parotidectomy) performed on the tumor (p = 0.0008) was the only parameter that significantly affected the OS. Among the other variables, age (younger), use of adjuvant therapy and lymph node metastasis showed borderline significative values (p = 0.05). Our analysis suggests that, when a primitive parotid sarcoma is diagnosed, total or radical parotidectomy should be performed at any age independent of tumor histology. Because regional lymph node metastases from parotid sarcomas are uncommon, alternative strategies (e.g., close follow-up by imaging and evaluation of sentinel lymph nodes) should be pursued before lymph node (selective/radical) dissection.

Systematic Review of Parotid Gland Sarcomas: Multi-Variate Analysis of Clinicopathologic Findings, Therapeutic Approaches and Oncological Outcomes That Affect Survival Rate

Arianna Di Stadio;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Simple Summary Primary sarcomas of the parotid gland are rare malignancies of mesenchymal origin for which there is no generally well-defined treatment guideline. The aim of this study was to analyze, through the review of the literature, the factors affecting the prognosis of patients with primary sarcoma of the parotid gland. Size/extension at the diagnosis and the sarcoma's histotype were the most important prognostic factors. Multivariate analysis showed that surgery performed on the tumor was the only parameter affecting long-term survival. In particular, total parotidectomy with preservation or, in the most advanced cases, with the sacrifice of facial nerve should be performed at any age independently of tumor histology. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature of sarcoma of the parotid gland in order to analyze the main factors affecting survival rate. A systematic literature review was performed between January 1990 to November 2021, and 88 patients affected by parotid gland sarcomas were included. The most common histological types were Rhabdomyosarcoma and Synovial Sarcoma. From our review, it emerges that primary sarcomas of the parotid glands are locally aggressive but show low tendency to metastasize to the lymph nodes of the neck and that surgery (i.e., total or radical parotidectomy) is the main approach for their treatment. The global overall survival (OS) is 52% at 5 years and 34.1% at 10 years. The OS for T1, T2, T3, T4 tumor at 5 years of follow up is 80.0%, 66.5%, 56.7% and 33.3%, respectively. Size/extension at the diagnosis and the sarcoma's histotype are the most important prognostic factors. Multivariate analysis showed that surgery (total or radical parotidectomy) performed on the tumor (p = 0.0008) was the only parameter that significantly affected the OS. Among the other variables, age (younger), use of adjuvant therapy and lymph node metastasis showed borderline significative values (p = 0.05). Our analysis suggests that, when a primitive parotid sarcoma is diagnosed, total or radical parotidectomy should be performed at any age independent of tumor histology. Because regional lymph node metastases from parotid sarcomas are uncommon, alternative strategies (e.g., close follow-up by imaging and evaluation of sentinel lymph nodes) should be pursued before lymph node (selective/radical) dissection.
head and neck malignancies
parotid gland
review
sarcoma
surgery
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/544651
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