Post-traumatic orbital meningoencephaloceles related to orbital roof fractures are a challenging clinical entity because of their rarity and difficult differential diagnosis. We report a case of post-traumatic intra-orbital meningoencephalocele in a 69-year-old man, secondary to a likely trapdoor mechanism, treated with a modified one-piece orbitozygomatic craniotomy. We also performed an extensive literature review of traumatic Intra-Orbital Encephalocele related to Orbital Roof Fracture focused on adult patients on electronic databases including Scopus, MEDLINE/PubMed, and Google Scholar. Patient well recovered after surgery with immediate exophthalmos resolution and discharged without visual or neurological deficits. The literature review included 22 papers with a total of 28 patients: 22 males (78.6%) and 6 females (21.4%), with a median age of 34.7 years. Twenty-six patients (92.9%) reported ocular injuries, with associated intracranial complications in 16 cases (61.5%). Twenty-seven patients (96.4%) were surgically treated, 18 of those underwent unilateral or bilateral frontal approach. Most orbital roof fractures can be managed nanoperatively if asymptomatic. Indeed, when the intra-orbital volume decreases, for example due to an encephalocele, the intra-orbital pressure could increase and determine an orbital compartment syndrome. In our case, we performed a one-piece modified orbitozygomatic approach, which has several advantages in comparison to the frequent unilateral or bilateral frontal craniotomy like the better exposure of the brain and orbit and a minimum brain retraction.

Post-traumatic intra-orbital meningoencephalocele in adults: technical note on a rare entity and review of the literature

Cammarata, Giacomo;Altieri, Roberto;Certo, Francesco;Pizzo, Aurora;Crimi, Salvatore;Bianchi, Alberto;Barbagallo, Giuseppe
2022-01-01

Abstract

Post-traumatic orbital meningoencephaloceles related to orbital roof fractures are a challenging clinical entity because of their rarity and difficult differential diagnosis. We report a case of post-traumatic intra-orbital meningoencephalocele in a 69-year-old man, secondary to a likely trapdoor mechanism, treated with a modified one-piece orbitozygomatic craniotomy. We also performed an extensive literature review of traumatic Intra-Orbital Encephalocele related to Orbital Roof Fracture focused on adult patients on electronic databases including Scopus, MEDLINE/PubMed, and Google Scholar. Patient well recovered after surgery with immediate exophthalmos resolution and discharged without visual or neurological deficits. The literature review included 22 papers with a total of 28 patients: 22 males (78.6%) and 6 females (21.4%), with a median age of 34.7 years. Twenty-six patients (92.9%) reported ocular injuries, with associated intracranial complications in 16 cases (61.5%). Twenty-seven patients (96.4%) were surgically treated, 18 of those underwent unilateral or bilateral frontal approach. Most orbital roof fractures can be managed nanoperatively if asymptomatic. Indeed, when the intra-orbital volume decreases, for example due to an encephalocele, the intra-orbital pressure could increase and determine an orbital compartment syndrome. In our case, we performed a one-piece modified orbitozygomatic approach, which has several advantages in comparison to the frequent unilateral or bilateral frontal craniotomy like the better exposure of the brain and orbit and a minimum brain retraction.
Intra-orbital meningoencephalocele
Orbital roof fractures
Orbitozygomatic craniotomy
Traumatic orbital meningoencephalocele
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/545101
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact