The aim of the study is to describe the clinical features of two unrelated patients with resistance to thyroid hormones (RTH), the first, a total thyroidectomized patient, and the second, a pregnant woman. We report the features found in her newborn who also showed RTH. Patient 1 is a 38-year-old man with total thyroidectomy managed for excessive thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) production, which poorly responded to the replacement therapy. He was found with a THR beta c.1378G>A p.(Glu460Lys) heterozygous mutation, which was also present in other members of his family (son, brother, and father). Interestingly, Patient 1 had hypertension, dyslipidemia, and hepatic steatosis, which have been recently suggested as RTH-related comorbidities. Patient 2 is a 32-year-old pregnant woman with multinodular goiter, and the THR beta heterozygous variant c.959G>C, that, to the best of our knowledge, has been reported in literature only once. Her newborn had tachycardia and increased thyroid hormone levels, and showed the same mutation. After delivery, high parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcium serum levels were found in Patient 2 and the scintigraphy showed the presence of adenoma of a parathyroid gland. This case-series study provides a practical example of the management of RTH in a thyroidectomized patient, a pregnant woman, and a newborn. A novel RTH pathogenic mutation is described for the second time in literature. Furthermore, the importance of metabolic assessment in patients with RTH beta has been highlighted and the possible correlation between RTH and primary hyperparathyroidism is discussed.

Resistance to Thyroid Hormones: A Case-Series Study

Cannarella, Rossella;Musmeci, Marco;Garofalo, Vincenzo;Timpanaro, Tiziana A;Leone, Guido;Caruso, Manuela;Condorelli, Rosita A;La Vignera, Sandro;Calogero, Aldo E
2022-01-01

Abstract

The aim of the study is to describe the clinical features of two unrelated patients with resistance to thyroid hormones (RTH), the first, a total thyroidectomized patient, and the second, a pregnant woman. We report the features found in her newborn who also showed RTH. Patient 1 is a 38-year-old man with total thyroidectomy managed for excessive thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) production, which poorly responded to the replacement therapy. He was found with a THR beta c.1378G>A p.(Glu460Lys) heterozygous mutation, which was also present in other members of his family (son, brother, and father). Interestingly, Patient 1 had hypertension, dyslipidemia, and hepatic steatosis, which have been recently suggested as RTH-related comorbidities. Patient 2 is a 32-year-old pregnant woman with multinodular goiter, and the THR beta heterozygous variant c.959G>C, that, to the best of our knowledge, has been reported in literature only once. Her newborn had tachycardia and increased thyroid hormone levels, and showed the same mutation. After delivery, high parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcium serum levels were found in Patient 2 and the scintigraphy showed the presence of adenoma of a parathyroid gland. This case-series study provides a practical example of the management of RTH in a thyroidectomized patient, a pregnant woman, and a newborn. A novel RTH pathogenic mutation is described for the second time in literature. Furthermore, the importance of metabolic assessment in patients with RTH beta has been highlighted and the possible correlation between RTH and primary hyperparathyroidism is discussed.
RTH
Refetoff syndrome
THRβ
metabolism
pregnancy
primary hyperparathyroidism
resistance to thyroid hormone
thyroid hormones
total thyroidectomy
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/545314
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact