Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of barbed reposition pharyngoplasty (BRP) on sleepiness, anxiety, and depression o adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods: We performed a prospective multicentric study to assess functional outcomes in 20 OSA patients treated with BRP and compare the results with an observational group of 20 subjects. All recruited subjects performed at baseline and 6-months postoperative follow-up Polysomnography (PSG), daytime sleepiness scoring using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and anxiety and depression evaluation via the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) questionnaires. Results: At follow-up the BRP demonstrated greater improvements in AHI (8.92 ± 2.29 vs. 30.66 ± 2.56; p < 0.001) and ODI (7.65 ± 2.39 vs. 24.55 ± 3.20; p < 0.001) than control at intergroup analysis. Surgical group reported significant data in daytime sleepiness (5.15 ± 1.19 vs. 13.15 ± 1.35; p < 0.001), anxiety (12.65 ± 3.11 vs. 24.2 ± 2.37; p < 0.001), and depression domains (5.85 ± 1.19 vs. 17.55 ± 3.24; p < 0.001). AHI, ODI, and advanced age have been shown to multiple regression as independent predictors of treatment response for mood domains (p < 0.001; p = 0.02; p = 0.041, respectively). Conclusions: Patients with OSA may benefit from palate surgery, reducing not only the apnea and hypopnea index, daytime sleepiness but also associated mood comorbidities. However, further studies are needed to confirm our preliminary results to validate the evidence to date reported.

Anxiety, depression and sleepiness in OSA patients treated with barbed reposition pharyngoplasty: a prospective study

Maniaci, Antonino;Ferlito, Salvatore
Co-primo
;
Di Luca, Milena;Pollicina, Isabella;Stilo, Giovanna;Di Mauro, Paola;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of barbed reposition pharyngoplasty (BRP) on sleepiness, anxiety, and depression o adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods: We performed a prospective multicentric study to assess functional outcomes in 20 OSA patients treated with BRP and compare the results with an observational group of 20 subjects. All recruited subjects performed at baseline and 6-months postoperative follow-up Polysomnography (PSG), daytime sleepiness scoring using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and anxiety and depression evaluation via the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) questionnaires. Results: At follow-up the BRP demonstrated greater improvements in AHI (8.92 ± 2.29 vs. 30.66 ± 2.56; p < 0.001) and ODI (7.65 ± 2.39 vs. 24.55 ± 3.20; p < 0.001) than control at intergroup analysis. Surgical group reported significant data in daytime sleepiness (5.15 ± 1.19 vs. 13.15 ± 1.35; p < 0.001), anxiety (12.65 ± 3.11 vs. 24.2 ± 2.37; p < 0.001), and depression domains (5.85 ± 1.19 vs. 17.55 ± 3.24; p < 0.001). AHI, ODI, and advanced age have been shown to multiple regression as independent predictors of treatment response for mood domains (p < 0.001; p = 0.02; p = 0.041, respectively). Conclusions: Patients with OSA may benefit from palate surgery, reducing not only the apnea and hypopnea index, daytime sleepiness but also associated mood comorbidities. However, further studies are needed to confirm our preliminary results to validate the evidence to date reported.
Anxiety
Barbed reposition pharyngoplasty
Depression
Obstructive sleep apnea–hypopnea
Tonsillectomy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/546938
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