Simple Summary Based on literature data suggesting promising advantages of total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT) in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer, we performed a retrospective single-arm, single-center study on 45 patients affected by histologically and radiologically proven locally advanced rectal cancer, with the aim of analyzing the feasibility and short-term efficacy of an integrated intensified treatment, including induction chemotherapy, concurrent chemoradiation with long-course radiotherapy, and concomitant boost and consolidation chemotherapy. At a median follow-up of 30 months, this strategy has shown to be feasible and effective in terms of pathological complete response (pCR) and short-term disease-free survival (DFS). While surgery is considered the main treatment for early-stage rectal cancer, locally advanced rectal cancer needs to be handled with a multidisciplinary approach. Based on literature data suggesting promising advantages of total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT), we performed a retrospective, single-arm, single-center study on 45 patients affected by histologically and radiologically proven locally advanced rectal cancer, with the aim of analyzing the feasibility and short-term efficacy of an integrated intensified treatment in the setting of TNT. Each analyzed patient performed three cycles of FOLFOX4 or De Gramont induction chemotherapy (iCT), followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) with long course radiotherapy (LCRT) plus concomitant boost and continuous 5-FU infusion, followed by three cycles of FOLFOX4 or De Gramont consolidation chemotherapy (conCT) and then surgery with total mesorectal excision. At a median follow-up of 30 months, this strategy has shown to be feasible and effective in terms of pathological complete response (pCR) and short-term disease-free survival (DFS)

Integrated Intensified Chemoradiation in the Setting of Total Neoadjuvant Therapy (TNT) in Patients with Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer: A Retrospective Single-Arm Study on Feasibility and Efficacy

Acquaviva, Grazia;Palmucci, Stefano;Foti, Pietro Valerio;Spatola, Corrado
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Simple Summary Based on literature data suggesting promising advantages of total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT) in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer, we performed a retrospective single-arm, single-center study on 45 patients affected by histologically and radiologically proven locally advanced rectal cancer, with the aim of analyzing the feasibility and short-term efficacy of an integrated intensified treatment, including induction chemotherapy, concurrent chemoradiation with long-course radiotherapy, and concomitant boost and consolidation chemotherapy. At a median follow-up of 30 months, this strategy has shown to be feasible and effective in terms of pathological complete response (pCR) and short-term disease-free survival (DFS). While surgery is considered the main treatment for early-stage rectal cancer, locally advanced rectal cancer needs to be handled with a multidisciplinary approach. Based on literature data suggesting promising advantages of total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT), we performed a retrospective, single-arm, single-center study on 45 patients affected by histologically and radiologically proven locally advanced rectal cancer, with the aim of analyzing the feasibility and short-term efficacy of an integrated intensified treatment in the setting of TNT. Each analyzed patient performed three cycles of FOLFOX4 or De Gramont induction chemotherapy (iCT), followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) with long course radiotherapy (LCRT) plus concomitant boost and continuous 5-FU infusion, followed by three cycles of FOLFOX4 or De Gramont consolidation chemotherapy (conCT) and then surgery with total mesorectal excision. At a median follow-up of 30 months, this strategy has shown to be feasible and effective in terms of pathological complete response (pCR) and short-term disease-free survival (DFS)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/548561
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