The polarization of the Lambda and (Lambda) over bar hyperons along the beam (z) direction, P-z, has been measured in Pb-Pb collisions at root s(NN) = 5.02 TeV recorded with ALICE at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The main contribution to P-z comes from elliptic flow-induced vorticity and can be characterized by the second Fourier sine coefficient P-z,P-s2 = < P-z sin(2 phi - 2 Psi(2))>, where phi is the hyperon azimuthal emission angle and Psi(2) is the elliptic flow plane angle. We report the measurement of P-z,P-s2 for different collision centralities and in the 30%-50% centrality interval as a function of the hyperon transverse momentum and rapidity. The P-z,P-s2 is positive similarly as measured by the STAR Collaboration in Au-Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV, with somewhat smaller amplitude in the semicentral collisions. This is the first experimental evidence of a nonzero hyperon P-z in Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC. The comparison of the measured P-z,P-s2 with the hydrodynamic model calculations shows sensitivity to the competing contributions from thermal and the recently found shear-induced vorticity, as well as to whether the polarization is acquired at the quark-gluon plasma or the hadronic phase.

Polarization of Λ and ¯Λ Hyperons along the Beam Direction in Pb-Pb Collisions at √sNN=5.02 TeV

Barbera, R;Garg, K;La Rocca, P;Pinto, C;Riggi, F;Rosano, A;
2022-01-01

Abstract

The polarization of the Lambda and (Lambda) over bar hyperons along the beam (z) direction, P-z, has been measured in Pb-Pb collisions at root s(NN) = 5.02 TeV recorded with ALICE at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The main contribution to P-z comes from elliptic flow-induced vorticity and can be characterized by the second Fourier sine coefficient P-z,P-s2 = < P-z sin(2 phi - 2 Psi(2))>, where phi is the hyperon azimuthal emission angle and Psi(2) is the elliptic flow plane angle. We report the measurement of P-z,P-s2 for different collision centralities and in the 30%-50% centrality interval as a function of the hyperon transverse momentum and rapidity. The P-z,P-s2 is positive similarly as measured by the STAR Collaboration in Au-Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV, with somewhat smaller amplitude in the semicentral collisions. This is the first experimental evidence of a nonzero hyperon P-z in Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC. The comparison of the measured P-z,P-s2 with the hydrodynamic model calculations shows sensitivity to the competing contributions from thermal and the recently found shear-induced vorticity, as well as to whether the polarization is acquired at the quark-gluon plasma or the hadronic phase.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/549263
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