In the last years, nanoparticles based on cyclodextrins have been widely investigated for the delivery of anticancer drugs. In this work, we synthesized nanoparticles with a hyaluronic acid backbone functionalized with cyclodextrins under green conditions. We functionalized hyaluronic acid with two different molecular weights (about 11 kDa and 45 kDa) to compare their behavior as doxorubicin delivery systems. We found that the new hyaluronan-cyclodextrin conjugates increased the water solubility of doxorubicin. Moreover, we tested the antiproliferative activity of doxorubicin in the presence of the new cyclodextrin polymers in SK-N-SH and SK-N-SH-PMA (over-expressing CD44 receptor) cancer cells. We found that hyaluronan-cyclodextrin conjugates improved the uptake and antiproliferative activity of doxorubicin in the SK-N-SH-PMA compared to the SK-N-SH cell line at the ratio 8/1 doxorubicin/polymer. Notably, the system based on hyaluronan (45 kDa) was more effective as a drug carrier and significantly reduced the IC50 value of doxorubicin by about 56%. We also found that hyaluronic acid polymers determined an improved antiproliferative activity of doxorubicin (IC50 values are on average reduced by about 70% of free DOXO) in both cell lines at the ratio 16/1 doxorubicin/polymer

Hyaluronan-Cyclodextrin Conjugates as Doxorubicin Delivery Systems

Bognanni, Noemi;La Piana, Luana La;Lombardo, Cinzia;Cambria, Maria Teresa;Vecchio, Graziella
2023-01-01

Abstract

In the last years, nanoparticles based on cyclodextrins have been widely investigated for the delivery of anticancer drugs. In this work, we synthesized nanoparticles with a hyaluronic acid backbone functionalized with cyclodextrins under green conditions. We functionalized hyaluronic acid with two different molecular weights (about 11 kDa and 45 kDa) to compare their behavior as doxorubicin delivery systems. We found that the new hyaluronan-cyclodextrin conjugates increased the water solubility of doxorubicin. Moreover, we tested the antiproliferative activity of doxorubicin in the presence of the new cyclodextrin polymers in SK-N-SH and SK-N-SH-PMA (over-expressing CD44 receptor) cancer cells. We found that hyaluronan-cyclodextrin conjugates improved the uptake and antiproliferative activity of doxorubicin in the SK-N-SH-PMA compared to the SK-N-SH cell line at the ratio 8/1 doxorubicin/polymer. Notably, the system based on hyaluronan (45 kDa) was more effective as a drug carrier and significantly reduced the IC50 value of doxorubicin by about 56%. We also found that hyaluronic acid polymers determined an improved antiproliferative activity of doxorubicin (IC50 values are on average reduced by about 70% of free DOXO) in both cell lines at the ratio 16/1 doxorubicin/polymer
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/549752
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