The incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increased in patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Aortic stiffness is a well-accepted biomarker for cardiovascular (CV) events in all stages of CKD. The worldwide prevalence of diabetes continues to grow, as does the prevalence of DKD. Insulin resistance, hyperglycaemia, hypertension and the metabolic abnormalities of type-2 diabetes are all involved in the pathogenesis of CVD. The effect of these toxins on cardiac and vascular function is amplified by the worsening of renal function and the parallel rise of uraemic toxins. In this narrative review, we analysed why arterial stiffening can be considered a vascular mediator between diabetes and cardiac dysfunction, and we discussed the strong CV and nephroprotective effects of sodium-glucose cotransporter type 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i).

The vascular disease of diabetic kidney disease

Zanoli, L
Co-primo
Conceptualization
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

The incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increased in patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Aortic stiffness is a well-accepted biomarker for cardiovascular (CV) events in all stages of CKD. The worldwide prevalence of diabetes continues to grow, as does the prevalence of DKD. Insulin resistance, hyperglycaemia, hypertension and the metabolic abnormalities of type-2 diabetes are all involved in the pathogenesis of CVD. The effect of these toxins on cardiac and vascular function is amplified by the worsening of renal function and the parallel rise of uraemic toxins. In this narrative review, we analysed why arterial stiffening can be considered a vascular mediator between diabetes and cardiac dysfunction, and we discussed the strong CV and nephroprotective effects of sodium-glucose cotransporter type 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/550281
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