Introduction: Therapy for hypothyroid obese patients is still under definition since the thyrotropin-stimulating hormone (TSH) level is a less reliable marker of euthyroidism than nonobese patients. Indeed, TSH levels positively correlate with body mass index (BMI), and this increase may be a compensatory mechanism aimed at increasing energy expenditure in obese people. In contrast, the correlation of BMI with thyroid hormone levels is not completely clear, and conflicting results have been obtained by several studies. The L-T4 replacement dose is more variable in obese hypothyroid patients than in nonobese patients, and a recent study indicated that the L-T4 replacement dose is related to lean body mass in obese thyroidectomized patients. We aimed to study the correlations of L-T4-administered dose, thyroid hormone levels and TSH secretion with basal metabolic rate (BMR) and total calculated deiodinase activity (GD) in obese and nonobese athyreotic patients. We also looked for individualized L-T4 replacement dose set points to be used in clinical practice. Methods: We studied retrospectively 160 athyreotic patients, 120 nonobese and 40 obese. GD was calculated by SPINA Thyr 4.2, the responsiveness of the hypothalamic/pituitary thyrotrope by Jostel's thyrotropin (TSH) index and BMR by the Mifflin-St. Jeor formula, the interplay of GD and BMR with L-T4, thyroid hormones and TSH index (TSHI) was also evaluated. Results: In our study, the L-T4 dose was an independent predictor of GD, and approximately 30% of athyreotic patients under L-T4 therapy had a reduced GD; FT4 levels were higher and negatively modulated by BMR in obese athyreotic patients respect to nonobese, in these patients a T4 to T3 shunt, in terms of TSHI suppression is observed suggesting a defective hypothalamic pituitary T4 to T3 conversion and a resistance to L-T4 replacement therapy. Conclusions: L-t4 dose is the most important predictor of GD, BMR modulates T4 levels in obese athyreotic patients that are resistant to L-T4 replacement therapy.

Levothyroxine therapy, calculated deiodinases activity and basal metabolic rate in obese or nonobese patients after total thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid cancer, results of a retrospective observational study

Le Moli, Rosario
;
Malandrino, Pasqualino;Russo, Marco;Tumino, Dario;Piticchio, Tommaso;Naselli, Adriano;Rapicavoli, Valentina;Belfiore, Antonino;Frasca, Francesco
2023-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Therapy for hypothyroid obese patients is still under definition since the thyrotropin-stimulating hormone (TSH) level is a less reliable marker of euthyroidism than nonobese patients. Indeed, TSH levels positively correlate with body mass index (BMI), and this increase may be a compensatory mechanism aimed at increasing energy expenditure in obese people. In contrast, the correlation of BMI with thyroid hormone levels is not completely clear, and conflicting results have been obtained by several studies. The L-T4 replacement dose is more variable in obese hypothyroid patients than in nonobese patients, and a recent study indicated that the L-T4 replacement dose is related to lean body mass in obese thyroidectomized patients. We aimed to study the correlations of L-T4-administered dose, thyroid hormone levels and TSH secretion with basal metabolic rate (BMR) and total calculated deiodinase activity (GD) in obese and nonobese athyreotic patients. We also looked for individualized L-T4 replacement dose set points to be used in clinical practice. Methods: We studied retrospectively 160 athyreotic patients, 120 nonobese and 40 obese. GD was calculated by SPINA Thyr 4.2, the responsiveness of the hypothalamic/pituitary thyrotrope by Jostel's thyrotropin (TSH) index and BMR by the Mifflin-St. Jeor formula, the interplay of GD and BMR with L-T4, thyroid hormones and TSH index (TSHI) was also evaluated. Results: In our study, the L-T4 dose was an independent predictor of GD, and approximately 30% of athyreotic patients under L-T4 therapy had a reduced GD; FT4 levels were higher and negatively modulated by BMR in obese athyreotic patients respect to nonobese, in these patients a T4 to T3 shunt, in terms of TSHI suppression is observed suggesting a defective hypothalamic pituitary T4 to T3 conversion and a resistance to L-T4 replacement therapy. Conclusions: L-t4 dose is the most important predictor of GD, BMR modulates T4 levels in obese athyreotic patients that are resistant to L-T4 replacement therapy.
2023
deiodination
hypothyroidism
obesity
LT-4 treatment
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Endocrino Diabet Metabol - 2023 - Le Moli - Levothyroxine therapy calculated deiodinases activity and basal metabolic (1).pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 886.54 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
886.54 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/552347
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact