Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder related to the loss or absence of dopaminergic neurons in thebrain. These deficits result in slowness of movement, tremor, rigidity, and dysfunction of behaviour. These symptoms negativelyinfluence the patient’s capability to carry out the daily oral hygiene manoeuvres. The aim of this work is to record the oral healthcondition of PD patients evaluated at the IRCSS Bonino-Puleio in Messina. The oral health of 45 consecutive PD patients (studygroup) with neurologic diagnosis based on United KingdomBrain Bank Criteria has been compared with that of another 45 no PDpatients of the same age (control group). The evaluation of the general oral condition was recorded underlining tooth loss, activeperiodontal disease, and presence of untreated caries. The frequency of untreated caries, periodontal diseases, and missing teethof the study group was significantly higher than in control group. Based on the data results, clinicians should direct high attentionto the oral hygiene of patients with PD, above all at the early stages of the caries or periodontal disease, in order to prevent seriousevolution of those pathologic dental conditions that may finally result in the tooth extraction event.

Periodontal health and caries prevalence evaluation in patients affected by Parkinson’s disease

CICCIU', Marco;
2012-01-01

Abstract

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder related to the loss or absence of dopaminergic neurons in thebrain. These deficits result in slowness of movement, tremor, rigidity, and dysfunction of behaviour. These symptoms negativelyinfluence the patient’s capability to carry out the daily oral hygiene manoeuvres. The aim of this work is to record the oral healthcondition of PD patients evaluated at the IRCSS Bonino-Puleio in Messina. The oral health of 45 consecutive PD patients (studygroup) with neurologic diagnosis based on United KingdomBrain Bank Criteria has been compared with that of another 45 no PDpatients of the same age (control group). The evaluation of the general oral condition was recorded underlining tooth loss, activeperiodontal disease, and presence of untreated caries. The frequency of untreated caries, periodontal diseases, and missing teethof the study group was significantly higher than in control group. Based on the data results, clinicians should direct high attentionto the oral hygiene of patients with PD, above all at the early stages of the caries or periodontal disease, in order to prevent seriousevolution of those pathologic dental conditions that may finally result in the tooth extraction event.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/552524
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