Objectives To evaluate the role of histology in diagnosis and management of biologically benign heart tumors causing life-threatening symptoms and even death in children and fetuses. The clinical impact of a multidisciplinary approach including 2-D echocardiography, histology, genetics, and cardiac surgery has not yet been fully elucidated. Study design Forty-one consecutive antenatal (n = 17) or postnatal (n = 24) detected cardiac masses were evaluated by 2-D echocardiography (in alive patients) or at autopsy, and 12/41 cases with definite histologic diagnosis of primary and benign cardiac tumor were entered in this study. Results Rhabdomyomas (n = 6), hemangiomas (n = 3), central fibrous body chondroma (n = 1), fibroma (n = 1), or left arterial myxoma (n = 1) were histologically diagnosed in 4 fetuses and in 8 children. Death occurred in 6 patients showing diffuse or infiltrative tumors, 2/6 experiencing intrauterine death or sudden and unexpected infant death. Seven patients underwent surgery, 4/7 are alive and well at >5 years follow-up, whereas 3 deaths followed partial tumor resection. Two fetuses with extensive tumor/s were aborted. Tuberous sclerosis complex gene mutations were seen in patients with rhabdomyomas. Conclusions Histology represents the best diagnostic approach in life-threatening pediatric cardiac tumors allowing definite diagnosis in cases other than rhabdomyoma and in sudden deaths, influencing clinical management and counselling. 2-D echocardiography remains the main tool for early clinical diagnosis and follow-up. A multidisciplinary approach is advisable because of rarity, difficult management, and possible associations with inheritable diseases. (J Pediatr 2012;-:---).
|Titolo:||Life-threatening tumors of the heart in fetal and postnatal age|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|