The Ti6Al4V alloy is widely adopted in many high-end applications in different fields, including the aerospace, biomechanics, and automotive sectors. Additive manufacturing extends its range of possible applications but also introduces variations in its mechanical performance, depending on the whole manufacturing process and the related control parameters. This work focuses on the detailed tensile stress–strain characterization at low and high strain rates of a Grade 23 Ti alloy manufactured by electron beam melting (EBM). In particular, the main aim is to study the effect of the variation of the EBM process parameters on the performance of the material and their consequent optimization in order to obtain the best printed material in terms of ductility and strength. The adopted optical experimental setups allow the semi-local scale analysis of the neck section which makes possible the accurate estimation of stress, strain, and strain rate, all over the post-necking range and up to the very incipient specimen failure. Among the EBM printing process parameters, the speed function was previously identified as the one mainly affecting the material performance at static rates. Therefore, two different parameter sets, corresponding to the standard value and to an optimized value of the speed function parameter, respectively, are tested here at dynamic rates of 1, 15, and 700 s−1, for assessing the effect of the speed function on the dynamic material response. The results show that the optimized parameter set has a better performance compared to the standard one in terms of strength and ductility. In particular, in both static and dynamic conditions, it presents an increase of the true stress–strain curve (about 5% on average) and an increase of the failure strain (about 11% on average). Moreover, in respect to the standard parameter set, the optimized one is also characterized by a huge increase of the amplification due to the strain rate (about 49% on average for the considered strain rates).

Study of the Electron Beam Melting Process Parameters’ Influence on the Tensile Behavior of 3D Printed Ti6Al4V ELI Alloy in Static and Dynamic Conditions

Barbagallo R.;Mirone G.;La Rosa G.
2022-01-01

Abstract

The Ti6Al4V alloy is widely adopted in many high-end applications in different fields, including the aerospace, biomechanics, and automotive sectors. Additive manufacturing extends its range of possible applications but also introduces variations in its mechanical performance, depending on the whole manufacturing process and the related control parameters. This work focuses on the detailed tensile stress–strain characterization at low and high strain rates of a Grade 23 Ti alloy manufactured by electron beam melting (EBM). In particular, the main aim is to study the effect of the variation of the EBM process parameters on the performance of the material and their consequent optimization in order to obtain the best printed material in terms of ductility and strength. The adopted optical experimental setups allow the semi-local scale analysis of the neck section which makes possible the accurate estimation of stress, strain, and strain rate, all over the post-necking range and up to the very incipient specimen failure. Among the EBM printing process parameters, the speed function was previously identified as the one mainly affecting the material performance at static rates. Therefore, two different parameter sets, corresponding to the standard value and to an optimized value of the speed function parameter, respectively, are tested here at dynamic rates of 1, 15, and 700 s−1, for assessing the effect of the speed function on the dynamic material response. The results show that the optimized parameter set has a better performance compared to the standard one in terms of strength and ductility. In particular, in both static and dynamic conditions, it presents an increase of the true stress–strain curve (about 5% on average) and an increase of the failure strain (about 11% on average). Moreover, in respect to the standard parameter set, the optimized one is also characterized by a huge increase of the amplification due to the strain rate (about 49% on average for the considered strain rates).
2022
additive manufacturing
Split Hopkinson Tensile Bar (SHTB)
strain rate
titanium alloy
true curve
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/552904
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