The aim of the present systematic review is to summarize current knowledge regarding the analysis of biomarkers extracted from peri-implant crevicular fluid (PICF) as predictors of peri-implant bone loss (BL). An electronic search was conducted on three databases, PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar, to find clinical trials published until 1 December 2022 suitable to answer the following focused question: in patients with dental implants, are biomarkers harvested from PICF predictive of peri-implant BL? The initial search yielded a total of 158 entries. After a full-text review and application of the eligibility criteria, the final selection consisted of nine articles. The risk of bias in included studies was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal tools (JBI). According to the present systematic review, some inflammatory biomarkers harvested from PICF (collagenase-2, collagenase-3, ALP, EA, gelatinase b, NTx, procalcitonin, IL-1β, and several miRNAs) seem to be correlated with peri-implant BL and may assist in the early diagnosis of pathological BL, that characterizes peri-implantitis. MiRNA expression demonstrated a predictive potential of peri-implant BL that could be useful for host-targeted preventive and therapeutic purposes. PICF sampling may represent a promising, noninvasive, and repeatable form of liquid biopsy in implant dentistry.

Biomarkers from Peri-Implant Crevicular Fluid (PICF) as Predictors of Peri-Implant Bone Loss: A Systematic Review

Isola G.
Penultimo
Data Curation
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

The aim of the present systematic review is to summarize current knowledge regarding the analysis of biomarkers extracted from peri-implant crevicular fluid (PICF) as predictors of peri-implant bone loss (BL). An electronic search was conducted on three databases, PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar, to find clinical trials published until 1 December 2022 suitable to answer the following focused question: in patients with dental implants, are biomarkers harvested from PICF predictive of peri-implant BL? The initial search yielded a total of 158 entries. After a full-text review and application of the eligibility criteria, the final selection consisted of nine articles. The risk of bias in included studies was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal tools (JBI). According to the present systematic review, some inflammatory biomarkers harvested from PICF (collagenase-2, collagenase-3, ALP, EA, gelatinase b, NTx, procalcitonin, IL-1β, and several miRNAs) seem to be correlated with peri-implant BL and may assist in the early diagnosis of pathological BL, that characterizes peri-implantitis. MiRNA expression demonstrated a predictive potential of peri-implant BL that could be useful for host-targeted preventive and therapeutic purposes. PICF sampling may represent a promising, noninvasive, and repeatable form of liquid biopsy in implant dentistry.
2023
biomarkers
bone loss
dental implants
peri-implant crevicular fluid
systematic review
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/554842
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