Objectives: : Antimicrobial resistance, particularly carbapenem resistance, in Gram-negative pathogens poses a significant healthcare threat. Carbapenem resistance rates in Italy are among the highest in Europe. We report the in vitro activity of cefiderocol, a novel siderophore cephalosporin, and comparator antibiotics against Gram-negative isolates from Italy as part of the SIDERO-WT studies. Methods: : Isolates were collected between 2014 and 2018. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined using International Organization for Standardization and EUCAST guidelines. Antimicrobial susceptibilities were interpreted using EUCAST breakpoints; pharmacodynamic/pharmacokinetic breakpoints were used if EUCAST breakpoints were not specified. Results: : The 2472 isolates [1545 (62.5%) Enterobacterales and 927 (37.5%) non-fermenters] represented a range of infection sources, including nosocomial pneumonia (902; 36.5%), complicated urinary tract infection (374; 15.1%), bloodstream infection (596; 24.1%), complicated intra-abdominal infection (257; 10.4%) and other infection sources (343; 13.9%). Cefiderocol was active against the majority of isolates, regardless of infection source (susceptibility, 94.2 & minus;97.3%). A high proportion of non-fermenters (97.6%) and Enterobacterales (95.6%) were cefiderocol-susceptible, although susceptibility was lower in Klebsiella pneumoniae (88.1%). Susceptibility to cefiderocol was significantly ( P < 0.01) greater than comparators overall (96.4% vs. 71.3-81.6%) and in non-fermenters (97.6% vs. 44.3-90.3%) across infection sources. Overall 612/2472 isolates (24.8%) were meropenem-resistant (MIC > 8 mg/L), comprising 516/927 (55.7%) nonfermenters and 96/1545 (6.2%) Enterobacterales. Cefiderocol (499/516; 96.7%) activity was greater than colistin (440/516; 85.3%), ceftazidime/avibactam (123/516; 23.8%) and ceftolozane/tazobactam (89/516; 17.2%) in meropenem-resistant non-fermenter isolates. Conclusion: : Susceptibility to cefiderocol was significantly greater than meropenem, colistin, ceftazidime/avibactam and ceftolozane/tazobactam overall, regardless of infection source. (c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of International Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. This is an open access article under the CC BY license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ )

In vitro activity of cefiderocol and comparators against isolates of Gram-negative pathogens from a range of infection sources: SIDERO-WT-2014-2018 studies in Italy

Stracquadanio, Stefano
;
Stefani, Stefania
2021-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: : Antimicrobial resistance, particularly carbapenem resistance, in Gram-negative pathogens poses a significant healthcare threat. Carbapenem resistance rates in Italy are among the highest in Europe. We report the in vitro activity of cefiderocol, a novel siderophore cephalosporin, and comparator antibiotics against Gram-negative isolates from Italy as part of the SIDERO-WT studies. Methods: : Isolates were collected between 2014 and 2018. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined using International Organization for Standardization and EUCAST guidelines. Antimicrobial susceptibilities were interpreted using EUCAST breakpoints; pharmacodynamic/pharmacokinetic breakpoints were used if EUCAST breakpoints were not specified. Results: : The 2472 isolates [1545 (62.5%) Enterobacterales and 927 (37.5%) non-fermenters] represented a range of infection sources, including nosocomial pneumonia (902; 36.5%), complicated urinary tract infection (374; 15.1%), bloodstream infection (596; 24.1%), complicated intra-abdominal infection (257; 10.4%) and other infection sources (343; 13.9%). Cefiderocol was active against the majority of isolates, regardless of infection source (susceptibility, 94.2 & minus;97.3%). A high proportion of non-fermenters (97.6%) and Enterobacterales (95.6%) were cefiderocol-susceptible, although susceptibility was lower in Klebsiella pneumoniae (88.1%). Susceptibility to cefiderocol was significantly ( P < 0.01) greater than comparators overall (96.4% vs. 71.3-81.6%) and in non-fermenters (97.6% vs. 44.3-90.3%) across infection sources. Overall 612/2472 isolates (24.8%) were meropenem-resistant (MIC > 8 mg/L), comprising 516/927 (55.7%) nonfermenters and 96/1545 (6.2%) Enterobacterales. Cefiderocol (499/516; 96.7%) activity was greater than colistin (440/516; 85.3%), ceftazidime/avibactam (123/516; 23.8%) and ceftolozane/tazobactam (89/516; 17.2%) in meropenem-resistant non-fermenter isolates. Conclusion: : Susceptibility to cefiderocol was significantly greater than meropenem, colistin, ceftazidime/avibactam and ceftolozane/tazobactam overall, regardless of infection source. (c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of International Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. This is an open access article under the CC BY license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ )
2021
Antimicrobial resistance
Carbapenem resistance
Cefiderocol
Gram-negative
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/555042
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