INTRODUCTION: Type II mixed cryoglobulin syndrome is a systematic vasculitis mainly linked to immune complex deposition in several organs and to hepatitis C virus infection. Therapeutic strategies can target either the viral trigger hepatitis C virus if present, or pathogenic events downstream the triggering infection, e.g, the proliferation B-cells directly. Antiviral therapy should be considered as a first-line treatment in many HCV-positive patients. However, it may prove ineffective, contraindicated, or poorly tolerated. The other available treatment [such as cytotoxic agents, steroids] may lead to life-threatening complications and may be difficult to manage in the long term. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on a 75-year-old patient with long-lasting hepatitis C virus infection [18 years], a long-lasting cryoglobulinemia [7 years] resistant to common antiviral therapy, diabetes mellitus and deep skin ulcers, successfully treated with the combination therapy of Rituximab and plasma exchange. CONCLUSION: Plasma exchange in combination with Rituximab may be useful to heal skin in those patients who are non responsive to Rituximab alone, by avoiding a leg amputation.
|Titolo:||Successful combination of Rituximab and plasma exchange in the treatment of cryoglobulinemic vasculitis with skin ulcers: a case report|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|