Introduction: In low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), epilepsy still represents a significant health challenge. In the Bolivian Chaco, we have previously found high levels of stigma towards people with epilepsy (PWE) especially expressed by high school students. In order to increase the knowledge about epilepsy, we have tested a comic book-based intervention on a sample of high school students.Methods: The study has been conducted in the Bolivian Chaco region where two urban and two rural classrooms have been randomly selected. Students have been administered a knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) questionnaire, and then they underwent a comic book-based educational program where they were randomly assigned either to an autonomous reading or a character interpretation methodology. The same KAP questionnaire has been administered after the teaching session and at a three months follow-up. Mean KAP scores at the baseline were compared with the after teaching and the three-month assessment.Results: Eighty-three students with a mean age of 15.5 +/- 0.9 years, of whom 38 (45.8%) males, were recruited. After the comic book session, students improved in the global score (p < 0.001) and in the knowledge (p < 0.001), attitudes (p = 0.004), and practices (p < 0.001) subscores. Both the autonomous reading and the character interpretation groups significantly improved in the global score, but only the latter improved in all the subscores. At the three months follow-up, there were no differences in the global, knowledge, and attitudes subscores, compared with scores immediately after the intervention.Conclusion: Using a comic book to teach about epilepsy led to a significant improvement in the knowledge, attitudes, and practices about the disease in high school students of LMIC. This teaching strategy can be easily implemented in LMIC. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Comic book-based educational program on epilepsy for high-school students: Results from a pilot study in the Gran Chaco region, Bolivia

Cicero, Calogero Edoardo;Giuliano, Loretta;Todaro, Valeria;Colli, Chiara;Bartoloni, Alessandro;Zappia, Mario;Nicoletti, Alessandra
2020-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: In low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), epilepsy still represents a significant health challenge. In the Bolivian Chaco, we have previously found high levels of stigma towards people with epilepsy (PWE) especially expressed by high school students. In order to increase the knowledge about epilepsy, we have tested a comic book-based intervention on a sample of high school students.Methods: The study has been conducted in the Bolivian Chaco region where two urban and two rural classrooms have been randomly selected. Students have been administered a knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) questionnaire, and then they underwent a comic book-based educational program where they were randomly assigned either to an autonomous reading or a character interpretation methodology. The same KAP questionnaire has been administered after the teaching session and at a three months follow-up. Mean KAP scores at the baseline were compared with the after teaching and the three-month assessment.Results: Eighty-three students with a mean age of 15.5 +/- 0.9 years, of whom 38 (45.8%) males, were recruited. After the comic book session, students improved in the global score (p < 0.001) and in the knowledge (p < 0.001), attitudes (p = 0.004), and practices (p < 0.001) subscores. Both the autonomous reading and the character interpretation groups significantly improved in the global score, but only the latter improved in all the subscores. At the three months follow-up, there were no differences in the global, knowledge, and attitudes subscores, compared with scores immediately after the intervention.Conclusion: Using a comic book to teach about epilepsy led to a significant improvement in the knowledge, attitudes, and practices about the disease in high school students of LMIC. This teaching strategy can be easily implemented in LMIC. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
2020
Epilepsy
Health promotion
Tropical health
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/559325
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