PurposeBased on the agency and resource dependence theories, this study aims to investigate whether nomination committee (NC) characteristics could serve as key attributes for reducing environmental, social and governance (ESG) disputes and whether NC composition affects the appointment of ESG-friendly directors to the board. Design/methodology/approachThis study focuses on a sample of 30 global systemically important banks from 2015 to 2021. The authors estimate panel data models with fixed effects, clustering heteroskedastic standard errors at the bank level to account for the serial correlation of the dependent variables for each bank. FindingsBanks' exposure to ESG controversies can be reduced when NC members have specific skills, in particular when at least one member of this committee also belongs to the sustainability committee and is a foreign director. Moreover, banks' ESG disputes decrease when the NC members are younger, while the share of independent NC members has a negative impact. Finally, a positive influence of NC composition and its members' features as well as the appointment of ESG-friendly directors on the board is found. Originality/valueThe findings are particularly useful during periods such as the current one, when there is growing attention to both banks' corporate governance, the subcommittees' role and functioning and social and environmental issues. This study shows that the NC is important in reducing the likelihood of banks incurring ESG disputes and in appointing more ESG-friendly directors. NC effective functioning and its members' qualities serve as a key attribute for fulfilling objective assessment and improving board effectiveness.

Nomination committee characteristics and exposure to environmental, social and governance (ESG) controversies: evidence from European global systemically important banks

Galletta, S
2023-01-01

Abstract

PurposeBased on the agency and resource dependence theories, this study aims to investigate whether nomination committee (NC) characteristics could serve as key attributes for reducing environmental, social and governance (ESG) disputes and whether NC composition affects the appointment of ESG-friendly directors to the board. Design/methodology/approachThis study focuses on a sample of 30 global systemically important banks from 2015 to 2021. The authors estimate panel data models with fixed effects, clustering heteroskedastic standard errors at the bank level to account for the serial correlation of the dependent variables for each bank. FindingsBanks' exposure to ESG controversies can be reduced when NC members have specific skills, in particular when at least one member of this committee also belongs to the sustainability committee and is a foreign director. Moreover, banks' ESG disputes decrease when the NC members are younger, while the share of independent NC members has a negative impact. Finally, a positive influence of NC composition and its members' features as well as the appointment of ESG-friendly directors on the board is found. Originality/valueThe findings are particularly useful during periods such as the current one, when there is growing attention to both banks' corporate governance, the subcommittees' role and functioning and social and environmental issues. This study shows that the NC is important in reducing the likelihood of banks incurring ESG disputes and in appointing more ESG-friendly directors. NC effective functioning and its members' qualities serve as a key attribute for fulfilling objective assessment and improving board effectiveness.
2023
Board of directors
Nomination committee
Global systemically important banks (G-SIBs)
ESG controversies
G21
G34
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/559522
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