In-depth studies on the effect of size and period in the diet of the hollow-snout grenadier Coelorinchus caelorhincus in the Mediterranean Sea are scant and incomplete. We obtained 75 specimens of this species from the discard of deep trawl fishing on the slope of the central Tyrrhenian Sea. As corollary data, we estimated the length–weight relationship, the size frequency distribution, and composition of sexual maturity stages of the sampled individuals. We deepened stomach content analysis aiming at the evaluation of size and period’s effect in the fish diet by Costello’s interpretation of dietary indexes and correspondence analysis. The corollary results suggested negative allometric growth (b = 2.69), an asynchronous reproductive strategy (paucity of mature individuals) and a size-related bathymetrical distribution for this species (prevalence of small and intermediate-sized specimens). The prey importance index (PII) revealed that the hollow-snout grenadier is a generalist feeder on cephalopods (PII: 0–1200), fish (PII: 0–1000), crustaceans (PII: 4000–6000), and polychaetes (PII: 400–1800), and a light specialist at population level on the dominant prey among them. At the micro-taxa level, the species was found to be a generalist feeder on 10 groups of rare prey and a light specialist at population level on amphipods (PII: 1300–3200). Overall, results indicated the presence of two feeding gradients that determined an intermingled effect of size and period on fish diet. In particular, intraspecific competition and stability of food resources appeared as the factors that significantly harmonize the diet of Coelorinchus caoelorhincus in the context of the ecotrophic constraints of a deep-sea species.

Feeding in Deep Waters: Temporal and Size-Related Plasticity in the Diet of the Slope Predator Fish Coelorinchus caelorhincus (Risso, 1810) in the Central Tyrrhenian Sea

Tiralongo F.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

In-depth studies on the effect of size and period in the diet of the hollow-snout grenadier Coelorinchus caelorhincus in the Mediterranean Sea are scant and incomplete. We obtained 75 specimens of this species from the discard of deep trawl fishing on the slope of the central Tyrrhenian Sea. As corollary data, we estimated the length–weight relationship, the size frequency distribution, and composition of sexual maturity stages of the sampled individuals. We deepened stomach content analysis aiming at the evaluation of size and period’s effect in the fish diet by Costello’s interpretation of dietary indexes and correspondence analysis. The corollary results suggested negative allometric growth (b = 2.69), an asynchronous reproductive strategy (paucity of mature individuals) and a size-related bathymetrical distribution for this species (prevalence of small and intermediate-sized specimens). The prey importance index (PII) revealed that the hollow-snout grenadier is a generalist feeder on cephalopods (PII: 0–1200), fish (PII: 0–1000), crustaceans (PII: 4000–6000), and polychaetes (PII: 400–1800), and a light specialist at population level on the dominant prey among them. At the micro-taxa level, the species was found to be a generalist feeder on 10 groups of rare prey and a light specialist at population level on amphipods (PII: 1300–3200). Overall, results indicated the presence of two feeding gradients that determined an intermingled effect of size and period on fish diet. In particular, intraspecific competition and stability of food resources appeared as the factors that significantly harmonize the diet of Coelorinchus caoelorhincus in the context of the ecotrophic constraints of a deep-sea species.
2022
diet
feeding strategy
macrourids
Mediterranean
ontogeny
temporal variation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/562117
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