Background: N-terminal portion of the B-type natriuretic propeptide (NT-proBNP) has potentially been shown to play an important role in the development of periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study evaluated the efficacy of periodontal treatment on NT-proBNP and related CVD biomarkers and explored whether subjects harboring high NT-proBNP at baseline showed increased clinical benefits with the non-surgical periodontal treatment performed with full-mouth scaling and root planing (FM-SRP) at 6-month follow-up. Methods: Forty-eight patients with stage III periodontitis were randomized to receive minimal standard oral care (SOC) (n = 24) or FM-SRP (n = 24) protocol. Clinical periodontal parameters (probing depth, clinical attachment loss, bleeding on probing), serum NT-proBNP, α1-antitrypsin, C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), endothelial cell-specific molecule-1 (ECM-1), and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) concentrations were assessed at baseline and at 1-, 3-, and 6- month follow-up. Results: At 6 months, FM-SRP was more effective than SOC in reducing periodontal parameters and mean proportions of NT-proBNP (p = 0.004), hs-CRP (p = 0.003), α1-antitrypsin (p = 0.012), ECM-1 (p = 0.014), and NGAL (p = 0.045). At 6-month follow-up, the reduced NT-proBNP, α1-antitrypsin, hs-CRP, ECM-1, and NGAL levels were significantly correlated with the extent of periodontitis (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the analysis of variance analysis evidenced that, at 6-month follow-up, FM-SRP significantly impacted the reduction of NT-proBNP, hs-CRP, ECM-1, and NGAL. Moreover, high levels of NT-proBNP, hs-CRP, ECM-1, and NGAL at baseline significantly influenced the efficacy of periodontal treatment positively. Conclusion: In this study, FM-SRP was more effective than SOC in reducing clinical variables and NT-proBNP levels, although subjects who harbored high NT-proBNP concentrations at baseline showed greater clinical benefits of periodontal treatment at 6-month follow-up.

Impact of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and related inflammatory biomarkers on periodontal treatment outcomes in patients with periodontitis: An explorative human randomized-controlled clinical trial

Isola G.
Primo
Conceptualization
;
Santonocito S.
Resources
;
Polizzi A.
Validation
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: N-terminal portion of the B-type natriuretic propeptide (NT-proBNP) has potentially been shown to play an important role in the development of periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study evaluated the efficacy of periodontal treatment on NT-proBNP and related CVD biomarkers and explored whether subjects harboring high NT-proBNP at baseline showed increased clinical benefits with the non-surgical periodontal treatment performed with full-mouth scaling and root planing (FM-SRP) at 6-month follow-up. Methods: Forty-eight patients with stage III periodontitis were randomized to receive minimal standard oral care (SOC) (n = 24) or FM-SRP (n = 24) protocol. Clinical periodontal parameters (probing depth, clinical attachment loss, bleeding on probing), serum NT-proBNP, α1-antitrypsin, C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), endothelial cell-specific molecule-1 (ECM-1), and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) concentrations were assessed at baseline and at 1-, 3-, and 6- month follow-up. Results: At 6 months, FM-SRP was more effective than SOC in reducing periodontal parameters and mean proportions of NT-proBNP (p = 0.004), hs-CRP (p = 0.003), α1-antitrypsin (p = 0.012), ECM-1 (p = 0.014), and NGAL (p = 0.045). At 6-month follow-up, the reduced NT-proBNP, α1-antitrypsin, hs-CRP, ECM-1, and NGAL levels were significantly correlated with the extent of periodontitis (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the analysis of variance analysis evidenced that, at 6-month follow-up, FM-SRP significantly impacted the reduction of NT-proBNP, hs-CRP, ECM-1, and NGAL. Moreover, high levels of NT-proBNP, hs-CRP, ECM-1, and NGAL at baseline significantly influenced the efficacy of periodontal treatment positively. Conclusion: In this study, FM-SRP was more effective than SOC in reducing clinical variables and NT-proBNP levels, although subjects who harbored high NT-proBNP concentrations at baseline showed greater clinical benefits of periodontal treatment at 6-month follow-up.
2023
C-reactive protein
endothelial cell-specific molecule-1
neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin
periodontal debridement
periodontitis
pro-brain natriuretic peptide
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/570013
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