Objectives: To investigate relationships between histogram-based HRCT indexes and Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs) in Interstitial Lung Diseases. Methods: 49 patients having baseline and 1 year HRCT examinations and PFTs were investigated. Histogram-based HRCT indexes were calculated; strength of associations with PFTs was investigated using Pearson correlation. Patients were divided into progressive and non-progressive groups. HRCT indexes were compared between the two groups using the U-test; within each group, baseline and follow-up Wilcoxon analysis was performed. ROC analysis was used for predicting disease progression. Results: At baseline, moderate correlations were observed considering kurtosis and DLCO (r = 0.54) and skewness and DLCO (r = 0.559), whereas weak but significant correlations were observed between FVC and kurtosis (r = 0.368, p = 0.009) and FVC and skewness (r = 0.391, p = 0.005). Negative correlations were reported between HAA% and PFTs (from r = -0.418 up to r = -0.507). At follow-up correlations between quantitative indexes and PFTs were also moderate, except for HAA% -700 and DLCO (r = -0.397). In progressive subgroup, moderate and strong correlations were found between DLCO and HRCT indexes (r = 0.595 kurtosis, r = 0.672 skewness, r=-0. 598 HAA% -600 and r = -0.626 HAA% -700). At follow-up, we observed significant differences between the two groups for kurtosis (p = 0.029), HAA% -600 (p = 0.04) and HAA% -700 (p = 0.02). To predict progression, ROC analysis reported sensitivity of 90.9% and specificity of 51.9% using a threshold value of δ kurtosis <0.03. Conclusions: At 1-year, moderate correlations suggest that progression could be assessed through HRCT quantification. Advances in knowledge: This study promotes histogram-based HRCT indexes in the assessment of Progressive Pulmonary Fibrosis (PPF).

Histogram-based analysis in progressive pulmonary fibrosis: relationships between pulmonary functional tests and HRCT indexes

Palmucci, Stefano;Tiralongo, Francesco;Galioto, Federica;Toscano, Stefano;Reali, Linda;Scavone, Carlotta;Sambataro, Gianluca;Vancheri, Ada;Sciacca, Enrico;Vignigni, Giovanna;Spadaro, Carla;Mauro, Letizia Antonella;Foti, Pietro Valerio;Vancheri, Carlo;Basile, Antonio
2023-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate relationships between histogram-based HRCT indexes and Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs) in Interstitial Lung Diseases. Methods: 49 patients having baseline and 1 year HRCT examinations and PFTs were investigated. Histogram-based HRCT indexes were calculated; strength of associations with PFTs was investigated using Pearson correlation. Patients were divided into progressive and non-progressive groups. HRCT indexes were compared between the two groups using the U-test; within each group, baseline and follow-up Wilcoxon analysis was performed. ROC analysis was used for predicting disease progression. Results: At baseline, moderate correlations were observed considering kurtosis and DLCO (r = 0.54) and skewness and DLCO (r = 0.559), whereas weak but significant correlations were observed between FVC and kurtosis (r = 0.368, p = 0.009) and FVC and skewness (r = 0.391, p = 0.005). Negative correlations were reported between HAA% and PFTs (from r = -0.418 up to r = -0.507). At follow-up correlations between quantitative indexes and PFTs were also moderate, except for HAA% -700 and DLCO (r = -0.397). In progressive subgroup, moderate and strong correlations were found between DLCO and HRCT indexes (r = 0.595 kurtosis, r = 0.672 skewness, r=-0. 598 HAA% -600 and r = -0.626 HAA% -700). At follow-up, we observed significant differences between the two groups for kurtosis (p = 0.029), HAA% -600 (p = 0.04) and HAA% -700 (p = 0.02). To predict progression, ROC analysis reported sensitivity of 90.9% and specificity of 51.9% using a threshold value of δ kurtosis <0.03. Conclusions: At 1-year, moderate correlations suggest that progression could be assessed through HRCT quantification. Advances in knowledge: This study promotes histogram-based HRCT indexes in the assessment of Progressive Pulmonary Fibrosis (PPF).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/573170
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