The possible association between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and negative pregnancy outcomes has been debated in the literature, with conflicting results from clinical trials. While some authors support a link between HPV and miscarriage, others argue that the mere detection of the virus does not necessarily indicate a causal relationship with negative pregnancy outcomes. In this study, we conducted a prospective, controlled investigation of the potential association between HPV infection and miscarriage. Our study included 59 women who had experienced a miscarriage and 57 women who had undergone voluntary termination of pregnancy (TOP) within the 12th week of gestation. We assessed HPV prevalence, maternal age, and HPV genotype in both groups and evaluated the relationship between these factors and pregnancy outcome. Unlike previous studies that only identified HPV in cases of abortion, we also correlated the positivity of chorionic villi with gestational age in both groups. We found a close correlation between positive chorionic villi and very early gestational age, with all 13 cases of virus-positive chorionic villi in the miscarriage group occurring in gestational periods of less than 8 + 5 weeks (<60 days) (RR = 28.6). Our analysis showed no correlation between HPV infection and maternal age or viral genotypes. The results suggest that the presence of HPV alone is not enough to cause spontaneous abortion, but a high viral load in early pregnancy may increase the risk of negative outcomes. These findings have important implications for the management of HPV infection during pregnancy and may provide a rationale for the use of HPV vaccines to reduce the incidence of spontaneous abortion and infertility due to preclinical spontaneous abortions.

Papillomavirus Infection as Potential Cause of Miscarriage in the Early Gestational Age: A Prospective Study

Bruno, Maria Teresa
;
Scalia, Guido;Di Pasqua, Salvatore;Panella, Marco Marzio;Palumbo, Marco
2023-01-01

Abstract

The possible association between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and negative pregnancy outcomes has been debated in the literature, with conflicting results from clinical trials. While some authors support a link between HPV and miscarriage, others argue that the mere detection of the virus does not necessarily indicate a causal relationship with negative pregnancy outcomes. In this study, we conducted a prospective, controlled investigation of the potential association between HPV infection and miscarriage. Our study included 59 women who had experienced a miscarriage and 57 women who had undergone voluntary termination of pregnancy (TOP) within the 12th week of gestation. We assessed HPV prevalence, maternal age, and HPV genotype in both groups and evaluated the relationship between these factors and pregnancy outcome. Unlike previous studies that only identified HPV in cases of abortion, we also correlated the positivity of chorionic villi with gestational age in both groups. We found a close correlation between positive chorionic villi and very early gestational age, with all 13 cases of virus-positive chorionic villi in the miscarriage group occurring in gestational periods of less than 8 + 5 weeks (<60 days) (RR = 28.6). Our analysis showed no correlation between HPV infection and maternal age or viral genotypes. The results suggest that the presence of HPV alone is not enough to cause spontaneous abortion, but a high viral load in early pregnancy may increase the risk of negative outcomes. These findings have important implications for the management of HPV infection during pregnancy and may provide a rationale for the use of HPV vaccines to reduce the incidence of spontaneous abortion and infertility due to preclinical spontaneous abortions.
2023
HPV infection
adverse effects of pregnancy
chorionic villi
gestational age
miscarriage
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/574690
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