The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) on sperm motility, mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsi), phosphatidylserine (PS) externalization, sperm chromatin packaging quality, and DNA fragmentation. Motile spermatozoa, obtained from 10 normozoospermic men, were incubated with increasing concentrations of TNF-alpha and analyzed 1, 3, 6, and 24 h after incubation by flow cytometry. TNF-alpha decreased total motility 24 h after incubation at 10 ng/mL and progressive motility 3 h after incubation. Accordingly, TNF-alpha reduced sperm DeltaPsi in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. TNF-alpha increased the percentage of spermatozoa with PS externalization from the concentration of 1 ng/mL 1 h after incubation. TNF-alpha produced sperm chromatin and DNA damage in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. In conclusion, these findings may explain the reduction of fertility, secondary to upregulated production of TNF-alpha, in men with urogenital infections.

Effects of Tumour Necrosis Factor-alpha on Human Sperm Motility and Apoptosis

NICOLETTI, FERDINANDO;LA VIGNERA, SANDRO SALVUCCIO MARIA;VICARI, Enzo Saretto;CALOGERO, Aldo Eugenio
2007-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) on sperm motility, mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsi), phosphatidylserine (PS) externalization, sperm chromatin packaging quality, and DNA fragmentation. Motile spermatozoa, obtained from 10 normozoospermic men, were incubated with increasing concentrations of TNF-alpha and analyzed 1, 3, 6, and 24 h after incubation by flow cytometry. TNF-alpha decreased total motility 24 h after incubation at 10 ng/mL and progressive motility 3 h after incubation. Accordingly, TNF-alpha reduced sperm DeltaPsi in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. TNF-alpha increased the percentage of spermatozoa with PS externalization from the concentration of 1 ng/mL 1 h after incubation. TNF-alpha produced sperm chromatin and DNA damage in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. In conclusion, these findings may explain the reduction of fertility, secondary to upregulated production of TNF-alpha, in men with urogenital infections.
2007
TNF-α; mitochondrial membrane potentia; Phosphatidylserine externalization
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Perdichizzi et al. - JCI 2007.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Non specificato
Dimensione 549.58 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
549.58 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/5750
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 125
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 120
social impact