Geotechnical Seismic Isolation (GSI) is an innovative technique for protecting structures in earthquake-prone areas. The main idea is to improve the foundation soil so that seismic energy is partially dissipated within GSI before being transmitted to the structure. Among other materials proposed for foundation soil improvement, gravel-rubber mixtures (GRMs), with rubber grains manufactured from end-of-life tires, have attracted significant research interest thanks to their good mechanical properties. GRMs also represent a modern recycling system to reduce the stockpile of scrap tires worldwide. The present study investigated numerically the effect of a GRM layer located underneath the shallow foundations of a real structure. The structure is a typical reinforced concrete building in southern Italy. A Finite Element Modelling (FEM) was carried out to evaluate the overall static and dynamic behaviour of the soil-GRMs-structure system. Three FEM models were performed with and without the GRM layer, varying the GRM layer thickness and the seismic inputs. The comparisons among the models allow us to assess the performance of the GRM underneath the foundations as a new eco-sustainable solution for the seismic isolation of structures.

An eco-sustainable innovative geotechnical technology for the structures seismic isolation, investigated by FEM parametric analyses

Abate, G
;
Fiamingo, A;Massimino, MR
2023-01-01

Abstract

Geotechnical Seismic Isolation (GSI) is an innovative technique for protecting structures in earthquake-prone areas. The main idea is to improve the foundation soil so that seismic energy is partially dissipated within GSI before being transmitted to the structure. Among other materials proposed for foundation soil improvement, gravel-rubber mixtures (GRMs), with rubber grains manufactured from end-of-life tires, have attracted significant research interest thanks to their good mechanical properties. GRMs also represent a modern recycling system to reduce the stockpile of scrap tires worldwide. The present study investigated numerically the effect of a GRM layer located underneath the shallow foundations of a real structure. The structure is a typical reinforced concrete building in southern Italy. A Finite Element Modelling (FEM) was carried out to evaluate the overall static and dynamic behaviour of the soil-GRMs-structure system. Three FEM models were performed with and without the GRM layer, varying the GRM layer thickness and the seismic inputs. The comparisons among the models allow us to assess the performance of the GRM underneath the foundations as a new eco-sustainable solution for the seismic isolation of structures.
2023
Gravel-rubber mixtures
Soil-structure interaction
Shallow foundations
ELTs
Numerical analyses
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/575770
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