Alternaria brassicicola (Ab) can cause a major yield and quality-limiting disease of Brassica oleracea called black spot, and the genetic resources conferring complete resistance against Ab have not been identified to date. Here, comparative transcriptome and targeted metabolome analysis were performed utilizing a newly identified resistant (R) line and a broccoli susceptible (S) line at 6, 24, and 72 h post-inoculation (hpi). Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes pathway enrichment and the weighted gene co-expression network analyses showed that the phenylpropanoid pathway regulates the resistance to Ab in broccoli. One metabolite, cinnamic acid, was significantly upregulated in the Ab_inoculated R line compared with the mock treatment but no significant difference in the S line, indicating that the cinnamic acid may cause the resistance difference between R and S lines. Our results also revealed that three indolic glucosinolates of I3G, 4MI3G, and 1MI3G were significantly increased in the Ab_inoculated R line compared with the mock treatment, and some related genes were differentially expressed between the R and S lines. These results provided new insights into the mechanism of Ab defense in B. oleracea and have laid a theoretical foundation for effectively utilizing resistant germplasm resources in broccoli breeding.

Comparative Transcriptome and Targeted Metabolome Profiling Unravel the Key Role of Phenylpropanoid and Glucosinolate Pathways in Defense against Alternaria brassicicola in Broccoli

Branca, Ferdinando
Penultimo
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Alternaria brassicicola (Ab) can cause a major yield and quality-limiting disease of Brassica oleracea called black spot, and the genetic resources conferring complete resistance against Ab have not been identified to date. Here, comparative transcriptome and targeted metabolome analysis were performed utilizing a newly identified resistant (R) line and a broccoli susceptible (S) line at 6, 24, and 72 h post-inoculation (hpi). Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes pathway enrichment and the weighted gene co-expression network analyses showed that the phenylpropanoid pathway regulates the resistance to Ab in broccoli. One metabolite, cinnamic acid, was significantly upregulated in the Ab_inoculated R line compared with the mock treatment but no significant difference in the S line, indicating that the cinnamic acid may cause the resistance difference between R and S lines. Our results also revealed that three indolic glucosinolates of I3G, 4MI3G, and 1MI3G were significantly increased in the Ab_inoculated R line compared with the mock treatment, and some related genes were differentially expressed between the R and S lines. These results provided new insights into the mechanism of Ab defense in B. oleracea and have laid a theoretical foundation for effectively utilizing resistant germplasm resources in broccoli breeding.
2023
Alternaria brassicicola
Brassica oleracea
WGCNA
glucosinolate
phenylpropanoid
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/576471
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