The acidic oxidation with HNO 3/H 2SO 4 mixtures is widely reported as an effective method to functionalize multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT). Although effective, a bad control of the oxidation conditions frequently cause serious modifications of carbon nanotube network, limiting further potential applications. Investigations about the effect of functionalization operating conditions on the morphological, chemical and chemical-physical properties of MWCNT can be useful for a proper setting of oxidation reactions of MWCNT according to their specific applications. In this work the effect of HNO 3/H 2SO 4 ratio on the morphological and chemical-physical properties and on the degree of functionalization of MWCNT was investigated. Electron microscopy, thermogravimetric, X-ray diffraction, titration and water dispersion analyses clearly revealed that the increase of the amount of concentrated sulphuric acid in the HNO 3/H 2SO 4 mixture lead to an increase of the amount of functional groups on the MWCNT surface but also to an increase of structural damage in terms of tube cutting and generation of additional defects in the graphitic network of pristine MWCNT. Copyright © 2012 American Scientific Publishers All rights reserved.

Morphological modification of MWCNT functionalized with HNO 3/H 2SO 4 mixtures

Ferlazzo A.;
2012-01-01

Abstract

The acidic oxidation with HNO 3/H 2SO 4 mixtures is widely reported as an effective method to functionalize multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT). Although effective, a bad control of the oxidation conditions frequently cause serious modifications of carbon nanotube network, limiting further potential applications. Investigations about the effect of functionalization operating conditions on the morphological, chemical and chemical-physical properties of MWCNT can be useful for a proper setting of oxidation reactions of MWCNT according to their specific applications. In this work the effect of HNO 3/H 2SO 4 ratio on the morphological and chemical-physical properties and on the degree of functionalization of MWCNT was investigated. Electron microscopy, thermogravimetric, X-ray diffraction, titration and water dispersion analyses clearly revealed that the increase of the amount of concentrated sulphuric acid in the HNO 3/H 2SO 4 mixture lead to an increase of the amount of functional groups on the MWCNT surface but also to an increase of structural damage in terms of tube cutting and generation of additional defects in the graphitic network of pristine MWCNT. Copyright © 2012 American Scientific Publishers All rights reserved.
2012
Carbon Nanotube
Carboxylation
Functionalization
MWCNT
Nitric and Sulphuric Acid
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/579792
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