Background: Follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) is a prevalent form of differentiated thyroid cancer, whereas anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) represents a rare, fast-growing, undifferentiated, and highly aggressive tumor, posing significant challenges for eradication. Ferroptosis, an iron-dependent cell death mechanism driven by the excessive production of reactive oxygen species and subsequent lipid peroxidation, emerges as a promising therapeutic strategy for cancer. It has been observed that many cancer cells exhibit sensitivity to ferroptosis, while some other histotypes appear to be resistant, by counteracting the metabolic changes and oxidative stress induced by iron overload. Methods: Here we used human biopsies and in vitro approaches to analyse the effects of iron-dependent cell death. We assessed cell proliferation and viability through MTT turnover, clonogenic assays, and cytofluorimetric-assisted analysis. Lipid peroxidation assay and western blot were used to analyse molecular mechanisms underlying ferroptosis modulation. Two distinct thyroid cancer cell lines, FTC-133 (follicular) and 8505C (anaplastic), were utilized. These cell lines were exposed to ferroptosis inducers, Erastin and RSL3, while simulating an iron overload condition using ferric ammonium citrate. Results: Our evidence suggests that FTC-133 cell line, exposed to iron overload, reduced their viability and showed increased ferroptosis. In contrast, the 8505C cell line seems to better tolerate ferroptosis, responding by modulating CD71, which is involved in iron internalization and seems to have a role in resistance to iron overload and consequently in maintaining cell viability. Conclusions: The differential tolerance to ferroptosis observed in our study may hold clinical implications, particularly in addressing the unmet therapeutic needs associated with ATC treatment, where resistance to ferroptosis appears more pronounced compared to FTC.

Anaplastic thyroid cancer cells reduce CD71 levels to increase iron overload tolerance

D'Aprile S.;Denaro S.;Pavone A. M.;Giallongo S.;Giallongo C.;Distefano A.;Salvatorelli L.;Giuffrida R.;Forte S.;Tibullo D.;Li Volti G.;Magro G.;Vicario N.;Parenti R.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) is a prevalent form of differentiated thyroid cancer, whereas anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) represents a rare, fast-growing, undifferentiated, and highly aggressive tumor, posing significant challenges for eradication. Ferroptosis, an iron-dependent cell death mechanism driven by the excessive production of reactive oxygen species and subsequent lipid peroxidation, emerges as a promising therapeutic strategy for cancer. It has been observed that many cancer cells exhibit sensitivity to ferroptosis, while some other histotypes appear to be resistant, by counteracting the metabolic changes and oxidative stress induced by iron overload. Methods: Here we used human biopsies and in vitro approaches to analyse the effects of iron-dependent cell death. We assessed cell proliferation and viability through MTT turnover, clonogenic assays, and cytofluorimetric-assisted analysis. Lipid peroxidation assay and western blot were used to analyse molecular mechanisms underlying ferroptosis modulation. Two distinct thyroid cancer cell lines, FTC-133 (follicular) and 8505C (anaplastic), were utilized. These cell lines were exposed to ferroptosis inducers, Erastin and RSL3, while simulating an iron overload condition using ferric ammonium citrate. Results: Our evidence suggests that FTC-133 cell line, exposed to iron overload, reduced their viability and showed increased ferroptosis. In contrast, the 8505C cell line seems to better tolerate ferroptosis, responding by modulating CD71, which is involved in iron internalization and seems to have a role in resistance to iron overload and consequently in maintaining cell viability. Conclusions: The differential tolerance to ferroptosis observed in our study may hold clinical implications, particularly in addressing the unmet therapeutic needs associated with ATC treatment, where resistance to ferroptosis appears more pronounced compared to FTC.
2023
CD71
Erastin
Ferroptosis
Iron overload
RSL3
Thyroid cancer
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Anaplastic thyroid cancer cells.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 3.83 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.83 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/580310
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact