Background: Important legal and ethical issues must be addressed in the practice of uterus transplantation, because it is a non-life-saving intervention. In all cases reported in the literature so far, uterus transplantation is preceded by oocyte retrieval, fertilization of the collected oocytes, and subsequent freezing of the embryos produced. This element should be considered because of the potential ethical, legal, and moral implications related to the existence and fate of supernumerary embryos in the event of transplantation failure. Case Report: The Italian Research Project for Uterus Transplantation from a brain-dead donor was approved in 2018 (No. 1438/CNT2018). A 28-year-old patient with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome, ectopic ovaries, and good ovarian reserve received uterus transplantation in 2020 after oocyte retrieval with laparoscopic assistance. Metaphase oocytes were cryopreserved and thawed after the successful transplantation to perform in vitro fertilization followed by embryo transfer. The pregnancy course was regular, without symptoms until week 30, when PCR positivity for SARS-CoV-2 was recorded. The patient underwent an emergency cesarean delivery at 34 weeks’ gestation because of fever and the appearance of regular uterine contractions. An infant was born alive and vital at 34 weeks of pregnancy and weighed 1725 g. The newborn was discharged in good condition and with a body weight of 2740 g. Conclusions: This case report shows that cryopreservation of oocytes can overcome the ethical issue related to embryo retrieval before a successful uterus transplantation can be demonstrated. Our result supports the possibility of bypassing embryo freezing before ascertaining the success of uterus transplantation

Live Birth from Cryopreserved Oocyte After Uterus Transplantation: A Case Report

Pierfrancesco Veroux;Liliana Mereu;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Important legal and ethical issues must be addressed in the practice of uterus transplantation, because it is a non-life-saving intervention. In all cases reported in the literature so far, uterus transplantation is preceded by oocyte retrieval, fertilization of the collected oocytes, and subsequent freezing of the embryos produced. This element should be considered because of the potential ethical, legal, and moral implications related to the existence and fate of supernumerary embryos in the event of transplantation failure. Case Report: The Italian Research Project for Uterus Transplantation from a brain-dead donor was approved in 2018 (No. 1438/CNT2018). A 28-year-old patient with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome, ectopic ovaries, and good ovarian reserve received uterus transplantation in 2020 after oocyte retrieval with laparoscopic assistance. Metaphase oocytes were cryopreserved and thawed after the successful transplantation to perform in vitro fertilization followed by embryo transfer. The pregnancy course was regular, without symptoms until week 30, when PCR positivity for SARS-CoV-2 was recorded. The patient underwent an emergency cesarean delivery at 34 weeks’ gestation because of fever and the appearance of regular uterine contractions. An infant was born alive and vital at 34 weeks of pregnancy and weighed 1725 g. The newborn was discharged in good condition and with a body weight of 2740 g. Conclusions: This case report shows that cryopreservation of oocytes can overcome the ethical issue related to embryo retrieval before a successful uterus transplantation can be demonstrated. Our result supports the possibility of bypassing embryo freezing before ascertaining the success of uterus transplantation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/580435
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