Uterine tumors resembling ovarian sex-cord tumors (UTROSCT) are thought to develop from pluripotent uterine mesenchymal cells or endometrial stromal cells with secondary sex-cord differentiation. The patient was a 73-year-old postmenopausal woman who had abnormal vaginal bleeding, and she underwent a laparoscopic hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. The diagnosis was a case of UTROSCT. A scoping review of the UTROSCT case report present in the literature has been conducted, and 63 articles were found, of which 45 were considered for the 66 clinical cases examined. At the time of diagnosis, six metastatic localizations were found in 59 patients undergoing demolitive surgery (10.2%). Recurrences were diagnosed in 13/59 (22%) patients with multiple locations. A molecular study was performed in 18/66 cases (27.3%) and genetic alterations were found in 10/18 (55.6%) patients. UTROSCTs are considered rare uterine tumors, typically with a favorable prognosis, and are generally considered to have a good prognosis. But, from the review done, they may already manifest themselves at advanced stages, with the possibility of recurrences even at a distance. It would, therefore, be important to be able to define the most aggressive forms and, perhaps, molecular investigation with sequencing could help identify patients most at risk

Uterine Tumours Resembling Ovarian Sex-Cord Tumors: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Giuseppe Angelico;Liliana Mereu
2023-01-01

Abstract

Uterine tumors resembling ovarian sex-cord tumors (UTROSCT) are thought to develop from pluripotent uterine mesenchymal cells or endometrial stromal cells with secondary sex-cord differentiation. The patient was a 73-year-old postmenopausal woman who had abnormal vaginal bleeding, and she underwent a laparoscopic hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. The diagnosis was a case of UTROSCT. A scoping review of the UTROSCT case report present in the literature has been conducted, and 63 articles were found, of which 45 were considered for the 66 clinical cases examined. At the time of diagnosis, six metastatic localizations were found in 59 patients undergoing demolitive surgery (10.2%). Recurrences were diagnosed in 13/59 (22%) patients with multiple locations. A molecular study was performed in 18/66 cases (27.3%) and genetic alterations were found in 10/18 (55.6%) patients. UTROSCTs are considered rare uterine tumors, typically with a favorable prognosis, and are generally considered to have a good prognosis. But, from the review done, they may already manifest themselves at advanced stages, with the possibility of recurrences even at a distance. It would, therefore, be important to be able to define the most aggressive forms and, perhaps, molecular investigation with sequencing could help identify patients most at risk
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/580437
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