We investigate the intra- and inter-crystalline deformation processes involved in sheath fold development combining complementary fabric analysis techniques and 3D modelling by neutron tomography. The investigated sheath fold is a multi-layered sub-metre scale single-eye structure, developed in metapsammites from the Ben Hope Nappe, overlying the Moine Thrust Zone of NW Scotland. Crystallographic Preferred Orientations (CPOs) of quartz and biotite were acquired through a Neutron Diffractometer and an SEM-EBSD system to compare the full-fabric of the main phases and the active slip systems for an “in situ” structural control. Combined with orientation maps and grain size maps, results show that, despite the different structural positions of the investigated microdomains (upper vs lower fold limbs, inner vs outer sheath closures, distance from hinge of the sheath fold), quartz and biotite deformed uniformly, suggesting a constant differential stress and orientation of the kinematic vorticity axis. Previously recognized detachment horizons within the sampled sheath fold do not affect the fabric patterns recorded by quartz and biotite. This may be interpreted in two different ways: i) detachments formed during earlier active folding and prior to passive amplification of folds associated with more uniform flow to create the sheath fold geometries; ii) the quartz c-axis patterns are coeval with a late deformation phase (loading of the orogenic wedge) that pervasively obliterated the previous fabric and therefore did not preserve the active folding component. Several pieces of evidence reported here, such as top-to-SE normal-shear sense which is opposite to the regional kinematics, are more supportive of the second hypothesis. The analysis of mineral textures provides an improved dataset for the whole sheath fold and increases our understanding of recrystallization mechanisms active in shear zones.

CPO and quantitative textural analyses within sheath folds

Fazio, E.
Primo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Gambino, S.
Methodology
;
Cirrincione, R.
Supervision
;
2024-01-01

Abstract

We investigate the intra- and inter-crystalline deformation processes involved in sheath fold development combining complementary fabric analysis techniques and 3D modelling by neutron tomography. The investigated sheath fold is a multi-layered sub-metre scale single-eye structure, developed in metapsammites from the Ben Hope Nappe, overlying the Moine Thrust Zone of NW Scotland. Crystallographic Preferred Orientations (CPOs) of quartz and biotite were acquired through a Neutron Diffractometer and an SEM-EBSD system to compare the full-fabric of the main phases and the active slip systems for an “in situ” structural control. Combined with orientation maps and grain size maps, results show that, despite the different structural positions of the investigated microdomains (upper vs lower fold limbs, inner vs outer sheath closures, distance from hinge of the sheath fold), quartz and biotite deformed uniformly, suggesting a constant differential stress and orientation of the kinematic vorticity axis. Previously recognized detachment horizons within the sampled sheath fold do not affect the fabric patterns recorded by quartz and biotite. This may be interpreted in two different ways: i) detachments formed during earlier active folding and prior to passive amplification of folds associated with more uniform flow to create the sheath fold geometries; ii) the quartz c-axis patterns are coeval with a late deformation phase (loading of the orogenic wedge) that pervasively obliterated the previous fabric and therefore did not preserve the active folding component. Several pieces of evidence reported here, such as top-to-SE normal-shear sense which is opposite to the regional kinematics, are more supportive of the second hypothesis. The analysis of mineral textures provides an improved dataset for the whole sheath fold and increases our understanding of recrystallization mechanisms active in shear zones.
2024
Sheath fold, EBSD, ND, CPO, 3D modelling
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/580931
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