Hypothesis: Development of nanocomposite coating with antibiofilm properties is of fundamental importance to efficient fight biofilm formation preventing infections in biomedical area. In this context, halloysite nanotubes (HNTs), biocompatible and low-cost clay mineral, have been efficiently used as filler for different polymeric matrices affording several nanocomposites with appealing antimicrobial properties. The modification of HNTs surfaces represents a valuable strategy to improve the utilization of the clay for biological purposes. Experiments: Herein, the covalent modification of the HNTs lumen with properly designed dopamine derivatives with different perfluoroalkyl chain length is reported. The obtained nanomaterials are thoroughly characterized by several techniques. As proof of concept the antibiofilm properties on E. coli strain of the nanomaterials are assayed as well. Finally, the HNTs fillers were introduced into a polydopamine matrix allowing for the preparation of functional coatings, resistant to formation of microbial biofilms. Findings: All characterization methods proved the selectivity of the modification and the increased hydrophobicity of the lumen. In particular 27Al solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra showed a upfield shift of the Al signal. Studies on the antibiofilm properties highlighted different activities according to the length of perfluoroalkyl chains of organic molecules as proved by 19F solid state NMR spectra. The synthetized materials were promising for future application as coatings on medical implants.

Modification of halloysite lumen with dopamine derivatives as filler for antibiofilm coating

Riela S.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Hypothesis: Development of nanocomposite coating with antibiofilm properties is of fundamental importance to efficient fight biofilm formation preventing infections in biomedical area. In this context, halloysite nanotubes (HNTs), biocompatible and low-cost clay mineral, have been efficiently used as filler for different polymeric matrices affording several nanocomposites with appealing antimicrobial properties. The modification of HNTs surfaces represents a valuable strategy to improve the utilization of the clay for biological purposes. Experiments: Herein, the covalent modification of the HNTs lumen with properly designed dopamine derivatives with different perfluoroalkyl chain length is reported. The obtained nanomaterials are thoroughly characterized by several techniques. As proof of concept the antibiofilm properties on E. coli strain of the nanomaterials are assayed as well. Finally, the HNTs fillers were introduced into a polydopamine matrix allowing for the preparation of functional coatings, resistant to formation of microbial biofilms. Findings: All characterization methods proved the selectivity of the modification and the increased hydrophobicity of the lumen. In particular 27Al solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra showed a upfield shift of the Al signal. Studies on the antibiofilm properties highlighted different activities according to the length of perfluoroalkyl chains of organic molecules as proved by 19F solid state NMR spectra. The synthetized materials were promising for future application as coatings on medical implants.
2023
Antibiofilm formation
Coating
Dopamine derivatives
Halloysite nanotubes
Lumen modification
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J. Coll. Interf. Sci. 2023, 646, 910–921.pdf

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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/582378
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