Halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) represent a versatile core structure for the design of functional nanosystems of biomedical interest. However, the development of selective methodologies for the site-controlled functionalization of the nanotubes at specific sites is not an easy task. This study aims to accomplish a procedure for the site-selective/specific, “pin-point”, functionalization of HNTs with polydopamine (HNTs@PDA). This goal was achieved, at pH 6.5, by exploiting the basicity of ZnO nanoparticles anchored on the HNTs external surface (HNTs@ZnO) to induce a punctual polydopamine polymerization and coating. The morphology and the chemical composition of the nanomaterial was demonstrated by several techniques. Turbidimetric analysis showed that PDA coating affected the aqueous stability of HNTs@PDA compared to both HNTs@ZnO and HNTs. Notably, hyperthermia studies revealed that the nanomaterial induced a local thermic rise, up to 50 °C, under near-infrared (NIR) irradiation. Furthermore, secondary functionalization of HNTs@PDA by selective grafting of biotin onto the PDA coating followed by avidin binding was also accomplished.

Site-specific halloysite functionalization by polydopamine: A new synthetic route for potential near infrared-activated delivery system

Riela S.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) represent a versatile core structure for the design of functional nanosystems of biomedical interest. However, the development of selective methodologies for the site-controlled functionalization of the nanotubes at specific sites is not an easy task. This study aims to accomplish a procedure for the site-selective/specific, “pin-point”, functionalization of HNTs with polydopamine (HNTs@PDA). This goal was achieved, at pH 6.5, by exploiting the basicity of ZnO nanoparticles anchored on the HNTs external surface (HNTs@ZnO) to induce a punctual polydopamine polymerization and coating. The morphology and the chemical composition of the nanomaterial was demonstrated by several techniques. Turbidimetric analysis showed that PDA coating affected the aqueous stability of HNTs@PDA compared to both HNTs@ZnO and HNTs. Notably, hyperthermia studies revealed that the nanomaterial induced a local thermic rise, up to 50 °C, under near-infrared (NIR) irradiation. Furthermore, secondary functionalization of HNTs@PDA by selective grafting of biotin onto the PDA coating followed by avidin binding was also accomplished.
2021
Biotin-avidin interaction
Delivery system
Halloysite nanotubes
Hyperthermia effects
Polydopamine
Secondary modification
Site-specific functionalization
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/582380
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