The antifungal activity and in vitro toxicity toward animal cells of two inhibitors of oxidosqualene cyclase, squalene bis-diethylamine (SBD) and squalene bisdiethylmethylammonium iodide (SBDI) were studied. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) against dermatophytes and other fungi involved in cutaneous and systemic infections (12 isolates from seven species) were determined by the broth microdilution method based on the reference documents M38-A and M27-A2 of Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). Both compounds exerted fungistatic activities, although with different action. SBDI was the more active compound and displayed low MIC values (in the 3.12–12.5 lg ml)1 range) against Microsporum canis, Trichophyton mentagrophytes and one isolate of Scopulariopsis brevicaulis, while SBD showed MIC values against these species in the 3.12–25 lg ml)1 range. Toxicity was tested on Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) epithelial cells and human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC). SBDI proved the less toxic compound: it inhibited M. canis, T. mentagrophytes and S. brevicaulis at concentrations below those found toxic for MDCK cells. HMEC were the more sensitive cells.
|Titolo:||Antifungal activity of bis-azasqualenes, inhibitors of oxidosqualene cyclase|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|