Clin Ter. 1996 Oct;147(10):469-74. [Changes in cerebral vasomotor reactivity in relation to respiratory and metabolic stimuli: an analysis of its behavior in hypertensive and normotensive subjects]. [Article in Italian] Signorelli SS, Buttò G, Riggio F, Pennisi G, Martini R, Di Pino L, Costa MP, Andreozzi GM. Source Istituto di Medicina Interna A. Francaviglia, Università degli Studi di Catania. Abstract We know that increases in the arterial blood pressure determines changes in the behaviour of the cerebrovascular resistance and also the possible lack of vasomotor reactivity. In order to clarify the pathway of circulatory vasomotor reactivity in arterial hypertension, we carried out a study on a group of hypertensive subjects (20 patients) who were compared to a group of normotensive controls (18 patients). A transcranial doppler (TCD) study was performed with rebreathing tests (apnea and hyperventilation) and it was carried out in both groups of subjects. The TCD was repeated after an administration of sublingual pill of nitroglycerin. In both groups the hyperventilation caused a significant reduction in the velocity peak in the middle cerebral artery (norm.: 84.88 +/- 4.86 cm/sec 60 +/- 5.2 cm/sec; hyperten. 84.50 +/- 7.1 cm/sec 58.80 +/- 5.47 cm/sec) in contrast apnea induced a major increase in the velocities (norm.: 84.88 +/- 4.86 cm/sec 102.50 +/- 4.89 cm/sec; hyperten.: 84.50 +/- 7.1 cm/sec 101.59 +/- 10.6 cm/sec). We noticed a statistical significant difference between the velocities recorded in the different tests (Anova test p < 0.0001). The behaviour of the velocities in the rebreathing tests after nitroglycerin was similar when compared to the same test were performed without the drug. This study suggests that there is no difference in the behaviour of the cerebral reactivity between normotensives and the hypertensive subjects without vascular or cardiac compliance. Finally we would emphasize the role of TCD in the recording changes of cerebrovascular resistances due to pressure or metabolic causes.
|Titolo:||Changes in cerebral vasomotor reactivity in relation to respiratory and metabolic stimuli: an analysis of its behavior in hypertensive and normotensive subjects.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|