The recolonization of Western Sahara (formerly Spanish Sahara) by Morocco and Mauritania in the 1970s took place in an international arena dominated by the Cold War, pan-Arabism and anti-colonialist Arab socialism. In this context, two Maghrebi countries, Algeria and Libya, undertook forms of support for the Sahrawi question ranging from the economic-humanitarian to the political-diplomatic spheres. This article analyzes the solidarity that has characterized the history of relations between Algeria and the Sahrawi people, and argues that it can be explained by ideological (anti-colonialism) and strategic (defense of post-colonial borders) factors of Algerian foreign policy.
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