Donor-derived infections (DDI) sustained by carbapenem-resistant gram-negative bacteria (CR-GNB) in solid organ transplant recipients are potentially life-threatening. In this prospective study, we evaluate the incidence, factors associated with transmission, and the outcome of recipients with unexpected CR-GNB DDI after the implementation of our local active surveillance system (LASS). LASS provides for early detection of unexpected donor CR-GNB infections, prophylaxis of recipients at high-risk, and early diagnosis and treatment of DDI. Whole Genome Sequencing confirmed DDI. Among 791 recipients, 38 (4.8%) were at high risk of unexpected CR-GNB DDI: 25 for carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) and 13 for carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB). Transmission did not occur in 27 (71%), while DDI occurred in 9/25 of CRE and 2/13 of CRAB cases. Incidence of CR-GNB DDI was 1.4%. Recipients of organs with CR-GNB positive preservation fluid (PF) and liver recipients from a donor with CRE infection were at the highest risk of DDI. There was no difference in length of hospital stay or survival in patients with and without CR-GNB DDI. Our LASS contains transmission and mitigates the negative impacts of CR-GNB DDI. Under well-defined conditions, organs from donors with CR-GNB may be considered after a thorough evaluation of the risk/benefit profile.

Donor-derived carbapenem-resistant gram-negative bacterial infections in solid organ transplant recipients: active surveillance enhances recipient safety

Monaco, Francesco;Gruttadauria, Salvatore;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Donor-derived infections (DDI) sustained by carbapenem-resistant gram-negative bacteria (CR-GNB) in solid organ transplant recipients are potentially life-threatening. In this prospective study, we evaluate the incidence, factors associated with transmission, and the outcome of recipients with unexpected CR-GNB DDI after the implementation of our local active surveillance system (LASS). LASS provides for early detection of unexpected donor CR-GNB infections, prophylaxis of recipients at high-risk, and early diagnosis and treatment of DDI. Whole Genome Sequencing confirmed DDI. Among 791 recipients, 38 (4.8%) were at high risk of unexpected CR-GNB DDI: 25 for carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) and 13 for carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB). Transmission did not occur in 27 (71%), while DDI occurred in 9/25 of CRE and 2/13 of CRAB cases. Incidence of CR-GNB DDI was 1.4%. Recipients of organs with CR-GNB positive preservation fluid (PF) and liver recipients from a donor with CRE infection were at the highest risk of DDI. There was no difference in length of hospital stay or survival in patients with and without CR-GNB DDI. Our LASS contains transmission and mitigates the negative impacts of CR-GNB DDI. Under well-defined conditions, organs from donors with CR-GNB may be considered after a thorough evaluation of the risk/benefit profile.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/590249
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