Background & Aims: Sirtuin 5, encoded by the SIRT5 gene, is a NAD+-dependent deacylase that modulates mitochondrial metabolic processes through post-translational modifications. In this study, we aimed to examine the impact of the SIRT5 rs12216101 T>G non-coding single nucleotide polymorphism on disease severity in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods: The rs12216101 variant was genotyped in 2,606 consecutive European patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD. Transcriptomic analysis, expression of mitochondrial complexes and oxidative stress levels were measured in liver samples from a subset of bariatric patients. Effects of SIRT5 pharmacological inhibition were evaluated in HepG2 cells exposed to excess free fatty acids. Mitochondrial energetics in vitro were investigated by high-performance liquid chromatography. Results: In the whole cohort, the frequency distribution of SIRT5 rs12216101 TT, TG and GG genotypes was 47.0%, 42.3% and 10.7%, respectively. At multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusted for sex, age >50 years, diabetes, and PNPLA3 rs738409 status, the SIRT5 rs12216101 T>G variant was associated with the presence of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (odds ratio 1.20, 95% CI 1.03-1.40) and F2–F4 fibrosis (odds ratio 1.18; 95% CI 1.00-1.37). Transcriptomic analysis showed that the SIRT5 rs12216101 T>G variant was associated with upregulation of transcripts involved in mitochondrial metabolic pathways, including the oxidative phosphorylation system. In patients carrying the G allele, western blot analysis confirmed an upregulation of oxidative phosphorylation complexes III, IV, V and consistently higher levels of reactive oxygen species, reactive nitrogen species and malondialdehyde, and lower ATP levels. Administration of a pharmacological SIRT5 inhibitor preserved mitochondrial energetic homeostasis in HepG2 cells, as evidenced by restored ATP/ADP, NAD+/NADH, NADP+/NADPH ratios and glutathione levels. Conclusions: The SIRT5 rs12216101 T>G variant, heightening SIRT5 activity, is associated with liver damage, mitochondrial dysfunction, and oxidative stress in patients with NAFLD. Impact and implications: In this study we discovered that the SIRT5 rs12216101 T>G variant is associated with higher disease severity in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This risk variant leads to a SIRT5 gain-of-function, enhancing mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and thus leading to oxidative stress. SIRT5 may represent a novel disease modulator in NAFLD.

SIRT5 rs12216101 T>G variant is associated with liver damage and mitochondrial dysfunction in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Amorini A. M.;Distefano A.;Iraci N.;Leggio L.;Vicario N.;Lazzarino G.;Li Volti G.;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background & Aims: Sirtuin 5, encoded by the SIRT5 gene, is a NAD+-dependent deacylase that modulates mitochondrial metabolic processes through post-translational modifications. In this study, we aimed to examine the impact of the SIRT5 rs12216101 T>G non-coding single nucleotide polymorphism on disease severity in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods: The rs12216101 variant was genotyped in 2,606 consecutive European patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD. Transcriptomic analysis, expression of mitochondrial complexes and oxidative stress levels were measured in liver samples from a subset of bariatric patients. Effects of SIRT5 pharmacological inhibition were evaluated in HepG2 cells exposed to excess free fatty acids. Mitochondrial energetics in vitro were investigated by high-performance liquid chromatography. Results: In the whole cohort, the frequency distribution of SIRT5 rs12216101 TT, TG and GG genotypes was 47.0%, 42.3% and 10.7%, respectively. At multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusted for sex, age >50 years, diabetes, and PNPLA3 rs738409 status, the SIRT5 rs12216101 T>G variant was associated with the presence of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (odds ratio 1.20, 95% CI 1.03-1.40) and F2–F4 fibrosis (odds ratio 1.18; 95% CI 1.00-1.37). Transcriptomic analysis showed that the SIRT5 rs12216101 T>G variant was associated with upregulation of transcripts involved in mitochondrial metabolic pathways, including the oxidative phosphorylation system. In patients carrying the G allele, western blot analysis confirmed an upregulation of oxidative phosphorylation complexes III, IV, V and consistently higher levels of reactive oxygen species, reactive nitrogen species and malondialdehyde, and lower ATP levels. Administration of a pharmacological SIRT5 inhibitor preserved mitochondrial energetic homeostasis in HepG2 cells, as evidenced by restored ATP/ADP, NAD+/NADH, NADP+/NADPH ratios and glutathione levels. Conclusions: The SIRT5 rs12216101 T>G variant, heightening SIRT5 activity, is associated with liver damage, mitochondrial dysfunction, and oxidative stress in patients with NAFLD. Impact and implications: In this study we discovered that the SIRT5 rs12216101 T>G variant is associated with higher disease severity in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This risk variant leads to a SIRT5 gain-of-function, enhancing mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and thus leading to oxidative stress. SIRT5 may represent a novel disease modulator in NAFLD.
2024
Fibrosis
Mitochondrial function
NAFLD
NASH
Oxidative stress
SIRT5
SNP
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/592872
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